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Acute Evaluation and Management of Sport-Related Concussion  

Steven P. Broglio

Online publication date:
Aug 2014
The acute evaluation and management of concussion are among the most complex and challenging injuries medical practitioners face. The variability in clinical presentation necessitates a ... More

Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

Beth Krone, Amanda Kirschenbaum, Thomas Yang, Amy Glick, Alexander Newcorn, and Jeffrey H. Newcorn

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, symptomatically heterogeneous, neurodevelopmental disorder. It’s symptoms first appear early in life and evolve as the brain ... More

The Aging Process and Cognitive Capabilities  

Tracey E. Rizzuto, Katie E. Cherry, and Jared A. LeDoux

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Aging trends worldwide raise awareness for the need to understand the impact of cognitive aging on the work lives and productivity of older adults. By confronting actual and perceptual ... More

Aging, Rehabilitation, and Psychology  

Adam T. Gerstenecker and Benjamin T. Mast

Print publication date:
Jul 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This chapter examines the role of psychologists in the rehabilitation of older adults. The chapter begins with a review of the changes expected to take place in the population demographics ... More

Alcohol Dementia, Wernicke’s Encephalopathy, and Korsakoff’s Syndrome  

Marlene Oscar-Berman, and Nasim Maleki

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
Chronic alcohol consumption has direct effects on the central nervous system and is among the leading causes of cognitive impairment and dementia. Alcohol-related dementia, Wernicke’s ... More

Alcohol Use Disorder: Permanent and Transient Effects on the Brain and Neuropsychological Functions  

Anne-Pascale Le Berre, Alice Laniepce, Shailendra Segobin, Anne-Lise Pitel, and Edith V. Sullivan

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
Alcohol is a psychoactive substance consumed worldwide and directly responsible or at least contributing to the development of diseases such as alcohol use disorder (AUD), cirrhosis, fetal ... More

Alzheimer’s Disease  

Dorene M.  Rentz, Irina Orlovsky, Emily Kilpatrick, and Kathryn V. Papp

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
Recent research has defined Alzheimer’s disease (AD) as a multidimensional process that moves along a continuum from a preclinical, asymptomatic phase in which the pathophysiology of AD ... More

Anxiety: Attention, the Brain, the Body, and Performance  

Mark R. Wilson

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
In sport psychology, the relationship between competitive anxiety and performance has been one of the most debated and researched topics of enquiry. However, the mechanisms underlying this ... More

Applications of Neuropathological Examination in Adult Cognitive Disorders  

Thor D. Stei, Victor E. Alvarez, and Bertrand R.  Huber

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
Neuropathological examination is a key component in determining accurate diagnoses in both the postmortem and surgical settings. Postmortem analyses are necessary for clinicopathological ... More

Autism Spectrum Disorders in Adults  

Charlotte M. Pretzsch, James L. Findon, and Declan G. Murphy

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common, pervasive neurodevelopmental condition characterized by social impairments and restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. Furthermore, ... More

Behavior Genetic Approaches for Situation Research  

Daniel A. Briley

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
As a field, behavior genetics has a long and often underappreciated focus on environmental and situational factors. This chapter describes the methodological details and empirical findings ... More

Behavioral and Molecular Genetics of Emotion Dysregulation  

Lance M. Rappaport, Sage E. Hawn, Cassie Overstreet, and Ananda B. Amstadter

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Given the critical role that emotion dysregulation plays in many psychiatric disorders, there is a need to understand the biological underpinnings of emotion regulation deficits. This ... More

Behavioral Genetics of Adolescent Substance Use and Abuse  

Matt McGue and Brian M. Hicks

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
We review behavioral and biometrical genetic research aimed at characterizing the nature of the familial aggregation of adolescent substance use and abuse. Twin and adoption studies have ... More

Binocular rivalry and perceptual ambiguity  

David Alais and Randolph Blake

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Many important aspects of objects and scenes are fundamentally ambiguous in the retinal images. This ambiguity at the input stage to vision poses a fundamental challenge in perceptual ... More

Bipolar Disorder During Childhood and Adolescence  

Mary Fristad and Elizabeth Nick

Print publication date:
Jun 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter reviews bipolar spectrum disorders (bipolar I, bipolar II, bipolar disorder not otherwise specified, and cyclothymic disorder) in childhood and adolescence. The history of the ... More

Border inference and border ownership: The challenge of integrating geometry and topology  

Steven W. Zucker

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Border ownership seems instantaneous and automatic, emerging as rapidly as figure separates from background. But this apparent immediacy hides an extremely subtle problem that lies at an ... More

Brain stimulation in neurorehabilitation  

Friedhelm C. Hummel and Leonardo G. Cohen

Print publication date:
Jan 2008
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article explains the role of brain stimulation in neurorehabilitation. The outline of this article is formed by the characterization of some of the problems faced in the field of ... More

A Brief History of Upper Limb Ideomotor Apraxia  

Kenneth M. Heilman

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
To successfully interact with the environment, goal-oriented movements made by human limbs must be guided by instructions from the brain. Loss of the ability to program purposeful skilled ... More

Broca’s Aphasia and Grammatical Processing  

Lynn M. Maher

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Broca’s aphasia serves as a platform for discussions of the cognitive and neural mechanisms of sentence production and how those systems break down in individuals with damage in left ... More

Cancer and Cancer Treatment-Related Cognitive Impairment  

James C.  Root, Elizabeth Ryan, and Tim A. Ahles

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
As the population of cancer survivors has grown into the millions, there is increasing emphasis on understanding how late effects of treatment impact survivors’ ability return to ... More

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