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Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism  

James D. Tabor

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time; ... More

Apocalyptic  

Philip Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In the Old Testament, apocalyptic literature (or simply ‘apocalyptic’, as the genre is often called) might not seem to occupy a prominent place. Only the book of Daniel falls into this ... More

Apocalypticism and Messianism  

Michael A. Knibb

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The beliefs of the movement that lies behind the scrolls were influenced by the eschatological ideas of the early Enochic writings and by the Book of Daniel, and although the movement does ... More

Apocalypticism, Millenarianism, and Messianism  

Lutz Greisiger

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Apocalyptic phenomena and discourses run as a thread through Jewish, Christian, and Muslim history, playing a lead role during times of transition and ferment. Apocalyptic phenomena ... More

Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church  

Richard Swinburne

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has ... More

The Bible in Ethics  

Eryl W. Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins with a discussion of the methodological issues faced by scholars of ethics in the Old Testament and New Testament. It then identifies the basis of Old Testament ethics ... More

Bible Interpretation  

Michael Fishbane

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Classical and traditional Jewish culture is fundamentally a text culture — formed, informed, and reformed by Scripture (the Hebrew Bible) and its interpretation. This Scripture has always ... More

Biblical Studies and Jewish Studies  

Alan Cooper

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines two commentaries on Leviticus, Jews in the mainstream, biblical versus post-biblical literature, and the pre-critical, critical, and post-critical stances. It ... More

Biblical Theology  

Bernd Janowski

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article gives an overview of the basic problems in biblical theology from the point of view of how they have developed since the beginnings of biblical theological work in the ... More

Classical Rabbinic Literature  

Catherine Hezser

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Classical rabbinic literature comprises all those ancient Jewish literary compilations which transmit the traditions of tannaitic (70–200 ce) and amoraic (third-to fifth-century ce) rabbis ... More

The Concept of the Abrahamic Religions, Problems and Pitfalls  

Rémi Brague

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter examines such current expressions as ‘the three monotheisms’, ‘the three religions of Abraham’, and ‘the three religions of the book’, points to their falsity and the dangers ... More

The Doctrine of God in Jewish-Christian Dialogue  

Ellen T. Charry

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
<p>This article explores the Jewish-Christian dialogue regarding the doctrine of God. It examines two encounters that occurred during the patristic and medieval periods and two encounters that ... More

Ethical Implications of the Holocaust  

Michael Berenbaum

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the difficulties the Holocaust posed and continues to raise for Jews, Jewish theology, and specifically Jewish ethics, identifying eight major commitments made by Jews ... More

Ethical Theories among Medieval Jewish Philosophers  

Warren Zev Harvey

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses the ethical views of medieval Jewish philosophers, showing that the varieties of Jewish philosophy in the medieval period defy easy categorization, let alone ... More

Ethical Theories in Jewish Mystical Writings  

Joseph Dan

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores the medieval genre of sifrut ha-musar (ethical literature), which has largely been ignored in the recent burgeoning of the field of Jewish ethics. This neglect is ... More

Ethical Theories in Rabbinic Literature  

Charlotte Elisheva Fonrobert

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter first sets out the difficulties in studying the sources for Jewish ethics in classical rabbinic literature. Not only do rabbinic texts lack the very notion of ethics, they also ... More

Ethical Theories of Hermann Cohen, Franz Rosenzweig, and Martin Buber  

Jonathan K. Crane

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter focuses on the thoughts of the early twentieth-century German Jewish thinkers Hermann Cohen, Franz Rosenzweig, and Martin Buber. These three German scholars, writing in the ... More

Ethical Theory and Practice in the Hebrew Bible  

Elaine Adler Goodfriend

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter reviews ethical concepts in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh). Fear of God (yir'at Elohim) is perhaps the most pervasive and powerful notion inspiring social concern and behaviour. The ... More

Feminist Jewish Ethical Theories  

Judith Plaskow

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter highlights some key contexts in which feminist ethical discourses emerge, and important methods that Jewish feminists employ in order to address gender and other inequalities, ... More

First Nation, Empire, and Globalization  

Andrea Smith

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
In his analysis of postmodern theology, which details the imbrication of theology in discourses of power, Gavin Hyman casually evokes the term “Indian territory” to connote the space from ... More

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