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Analytic Philosophy  

Charles Pigden

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Most analytic philosophers are atheists, but is there a deep connection between analytic philosophy and atheism? The paper argues (a) that the founding fathers of analytic philosophy were ... More

Aquinas and Atheism  

Brian Davies

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how ... More

Atheism and Darwinism  

David P. Barash

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Although evolution by natural selection does not necessarily disprove the existence of God (thus, it does not ‘prove’ the validity of atheism), it negates two of the more potent ... More

Atheism and the Meaningfulness of Life  

Kimberly A. Blessing

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Both theists and atheists have attempted to show that their opponent’s orientation towards religion prevents them from living truly meaningful lives. But exclusivists on both sides are ... More

Atheism and the Secularization Thesis  

Frank L. Pasquale and Barry A. Kosmin

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Nov 2013
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Dec 2013
There are signs of both secularization and religionization in the world today. Consistent with the modernization-secularization thesis, structural factors such as increasing economic ... More

Buddhism  

Andrew Skilton

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The article examines evidence for characteristic Buddhist positions regarding the nature and soteriological status of deities. It establishes that deities are but one of several classes of ... More

Doubt and Belief in Literature  

Roger Lundin

Print publication date:
Feb 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
The story of belief and doubt in modern literature begins with the emergence of open [CE1]unbelief at roughly the midpoint of the nineteenth century. For the first generation of ... More

Existentialism  

Alison Stone

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
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Dec 2013
This essay examines the relations between existentialism and atheism, and argues that these are more complicated and multi-faceted than is often thought. Of the main nineteenth-century ... More

Hinduism  

Jessica Frazier

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Over the course of 3000 years, Hindu intellectual culture has not only embraced differing notions of the divine, but also a variety of different ‘atheisms’—the most famous of these being ... More

Humanism  

Stephen Law

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article introduces Humanism. It explains what those who organize under that heading mean by the term. It also addresses several common misunderstandings about what Humanism involves. ... More

Jainism  

Anne Vallelly

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Jains dismiss as delusional the belief in a grace-bestowing creator God, yet approach each day reverentially and prayerfully. This seeming paradox is explored, arguing that Jainism’s ... More

Marxism  

Peter Thompson

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses the relationship between Marx, Marxism, and atheism, outlining the ways in which the phrase ‘opium of the people’ is often misunderstood as an atheist statement. In ... More

Naturalism and the Scientific Method  

Michael Ruse

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Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Methodological naturalism is the claim that there is no need to invoke the supernatural, including God or gods, in giving scientific explanations. Metaphysical naturalism is the claim that ... More

New Atheism  

Thomas Zenk

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
By the term ‘New Atheism’ several authors and their books are subsumed under one label, most prominently The God Delusion (2006) by Richard Dawkins, Breaking the Spell: Religion as a ... More

The Problem of Evil  

Michael L. Peterson

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The problem of evil is considered to be the most formidable objection to theism and a central element in the case for atheism. This essay surveys and evaluates the two key formulations of ... More

Skeptical Theism and The Problem of Evil  

Michael Bergmann

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The most interesting thing about sceptical theism is its sceptical component. When sceptical theists use that component in responding to arguments from evil, they think it is reasonable for ... More

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