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Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles  

Jennifer Eyl

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
The chapter examines the feminization of elite pagan men in Apocryphal Acts of Andrew. It argues that the ancient author constructs ascetic Christianity as the ideal realization of ... More

The Bible and Anti‐Semitism  

Tobias Nicklas

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the misuse of biblical texts in order to underpin the ideology of an ‘Aryan’ or ‘German Christendom’. Seen against the backdrop of anti-Semitic ideologies, it asks to ... More

The Bible and Iconography  

Albert C. Labriola

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
In line with its Greek etymology, ‘iconography’ refers to all forms of visual images, including any material means of artistic representation. Religious iconography typically refers to ... More

Bob Dylan's Bible  

Michael J. Gilmour

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Few contemporary artists have endured so long, reinvented themselves so frequently and successfully (folk, rock, country, gospel music), and contributed in such diverse media (music, film, ... More

Celibacy and Virginity  

B. Diane Lipsett

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Several of the earliest Christian texts about celibacy and virginity introduce a kind of instability with respect to their social application. If marriage, sexual relations, and ... More

The Colonizing Other: The Japanese Challenge for Postcolonial Biblical Criticism  

Emily Anderson

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter provides an overview of the key historical factors that led Japanese Christians to develop their beliefs and practices in the context of early twentieth-century Japan. It ... More

The Construction of Gender in the New Testament  

Colleen M. Conway

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This chapter begins with a brief overview of the theorists who have shaped gender analytical work on the New Testament, especially the application of gender theory in classical studies. It ... More

Feminist Biblical Interpretation  

Katherine A. Shaner

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This essay argues that throughout its long history, feminist biblical interpretation has varied widely in definition, in its interpretive commitments, and in strategies for interpreting ... More

From John's Gospel to Dan Brown: The Magdalene Code  

Robin Griffith‐Jones

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article considers the roles of women in which the New Testament bears witness. In Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code, the claim that Jesus and Mary Magdalene were married raised the ire of ... More

Gender and Sexuality in Postcolonial Perspective  

M. Adryael Tong

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter analyzes postcolonial biblical criticism as it emerged out of liberation theology, empire studies, and postcolonial theory. It argues that this convergence of disparate ... More

The General Epistles and Hebrews  

Timothy Luckritz Marquis

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This essay explores how the General Epistles and Hebrews use language of gender, sex, and procreation both to portray and to facilitate the spread of the messages and communities that used ... More

The Gospels and Acts  

Amy-Jill Levine

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
The Gospels and Acts do not present a single view of either gender or sexuality; inconsistencies appear both within and among this collection. Yet despite these differences, there is a ... More

Hellenistic Philosophy and Literature  

David E. Fredrickson

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter situates New Testament writings about women, men, and sex within the ancient conflict between philosophers and poets over erotic desire. While philosophers thought desire ... More

Jesus  

Karen L. King

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This essay examines the diverse ways in which representations of Jesus/Christ served as paradigms for authorizing, exemplifying, and promoting early Christian beliefs and practices. It ... More

Jewish Literature of the Second Temple Period  

Karina Martin Hogan

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This essay showcases a sample of the diverse approaches to gender and sexuality that can be found in the literature of Second Temple Judaism. Within four of the major genres of Jewish ... More

Jewish Negotiations of Hellenistic Power  

Warren Carter

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Much scholarship has addressed the question of how Jewish writings negotiated Hellenistic imperial and cultural power. These negotiations began in the time of Alexander (d. 323), ... More

Jewish Women’s Life and Practice in the World of the New Testament  

Tal Ilan

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
The women of the New Testament were Jewish women, and for historians of the period their mention and status in the New Testament constitutes the missing link between the way women are ... More

Joanna Southcott: Enacting the Woman Clothed with the Sun  

Gordon Allan

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Joanna Southcott's theology identified her uniquely as ‘the woman clothed with the sun’. This article shows how she performed her role as the interpreter of scripture, unsealing those ... More

Law in the Old Testament  

Gordon Wenham

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The English Bible reader understands ‘law’as the legal rulings and moral injunctions found within the Pentateuch, such as the Ten Commandments, the farming regulations of Exodus 22, the ... More

Leadership Roles and Early Christian Communities  

Carolyn Osiek

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This essay analyzes evidence for leadership roles of women in early Christianity. Gendered cultural constraints were necessarily at play from the beginning and throughout the development ... More

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