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The Bible and Ethics  

M. Daniel Carroll R. and Darrell L. Bock

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Christians have always believed that the Bible is the most important resource for thinking about the moral life of individual believers and their communities. Many different kinds of issues ... More

C. S. Lewis  

Cath Filmer-Davies

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Often referred to as the greatest Anglican apologist of modern times, C. S. Lewis is also regarded as a ‘popular’ theologian. His theology seems to be primarily encapsulated in his ... More

The Construction of Evil and the Violence of Purification  

David Frankfurter

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter explores the construction of evil and the strategies of violence in purification. Prurient fascination and righteous revulsion both recreate and repel each other, developing an ... More

Early Qur’anic Exegesis: From Textual Interpretation to Linguistic Analysis  

Kees Versteegh

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2020
This chapter deals with the types of exegesis found in the earliest commentaries on the Qur’an (second/eighth and third/ninth centuries). After discussing the authenticity of these ... More

Ethical Theories in Jewish Mystical Writings  

Joseph Dan

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores the medieval genre of sifrut ha-musar (ethical literature), which has largely been ignored in the recent burgeoning of the field of Jewish ethics. This neglect is ... More

Ethical Theories in Rabbinic Literature  

Charlotte Elisheva Fonrobert

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter first sets out the difficulties in studying the sources for Jewish ethics in classical rabbinic literature. Not only do rabbinic texts lack the very notion of ethics, they also ... More

Ethical Theories of Abraham Isaac Kook and Joseph B. Soloveitchik  

Lawrence Kaplan

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter analyzes the ethical theories of Rabbis Abraham Isaac Kook and Joseph B. Soloeitchik, two luminaries in of twentieth-century Orthodoxy in Israel and the United States, ... More

Ethical Theories of Mordecai Kaplan and Abraham Joshua Heschel  

Matthew LaGrone

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the thoughts of the most significant and influential theologians in American Jewish religious life, Mordecai Kaplan and Abraham Joshua Heschel. Emerging from the ... More

Evil and The God of Love  

Eric Ziolkowski

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Posed by the character Philo in David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, questions about God that find their source in Epicurus crystallize the traditional philosophical ... More

Feminism and Patriarchy  

Pamela Sue Anderson

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
A major obstacle inherent in patriarchy remains its barely perceptible reality for all of those women and men whose lives have been decisively ordered by the rule of the father. Toni ... More

Law and the Qur’an  

Joseph E. Lowry

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2020
This chapter provides a general overview of legal concepts and positive legislation in the Qur’an. It covers the Qur’an’s presentation of legal terms, concepts, and materials and surveys ... More

Non‐retaliation and Military Force: Their Basis in the Bible  

Richard Harries

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Jesus taught that we are to love our enemies and pray for those who persecute us. (Matt. 5:44). He said we were not to resist those who wrong us, but if hit on one cheek we are to turn the ... More

Qur’anic Ethics  

Ebrahim Moosa

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Qur’anic ethics stands at the centre of Muslim exegesis of the Qur’an both in the past and the present. The belief exists that the Qur’an recommends crucial teachings for the good life ... More

Religion and Violence from Literary Perspectives  

Margo Kitts

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter investigates how violence gets into religious texts and how it gets out of them, into action. Religious literatures clearly help to provide archives of cosmologies, memories, ... More

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