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The American Jewish Press  

Jonathan D. Sarna

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Since their emergence in the first half of the nineteenth century, Jewish newspapers have helped to shape religious community, tied far-flung American Jews together, and kept them informed. ... More

Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament  

Gerard J. Norton

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These ... More

Assessing the Text‐Critical Theories of the Hebrew Bible after Qumran  

Ronald S. Hendel

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The biblical texts from Qumran are the oldest manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible, dating from the mid-third century BCE through the first century CE. Prior to the discovery of the Qumran ... More

Authoritative Scriptures and the Dead Sea Scrolls  

Timothy H. Lim

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The approach advocated in this article is the understanding of canon as authoritative literature that is binding for the Qumran community. The distinctive features of this approach are: ... More

Authors, Books, and Readers in the Ancient World  

Alan Millard

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses authorship, books, and readers in Old Testament and New Testament times. In the Old Testament world, authorship is necessarily admitted in letters, and related to ... More

The Bible and Anti‐Semitism  

Tobias Nicklas

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the misuse of biblical texts in order to underpin the ideology of an ‘Aryan’ or ‘German Christendom’. Seen against the backdrop of anti-Semitic ideologies, it asks to ... More

Bible Reading and/after Theory  

Valentine Cunningham

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
The nature of modern Bible study changed in or about September 1969 when the French Catholic Association for the Study of the Bible got the already renommé structuralist Roland Barthes to ... More

Bob Dylan's Bible  

Michael J. Gilmour

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Few contemporary artists have endured so long, reinvented themselves so frequently and successfully (folk, rock, country, gospel music), and contributed in such diverse media (music, film, ... More

The Book of Enoch and the Qumran Scrolls  

James C. VanderKam

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The work that is today called the Book of Enoch or 1 Enoch is actually a collection of ancient booklets written at different times by several authors, almost all of them composed in the ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Its Composition History  

Uwe Becker

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter discusses the complex literary growth (Redaktionsgeschichte) that lies behind Isa 1–66, with special focus on history of research. The most important contribution can be ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Its Final Structure  

Jacob Stromberg

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter examines the structure of the book of Isaiah. It argues that the parts of the book have been organized into a meaningful whole for the ancient reader. In part, this has been ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Persian/Hellenistic Background  

Kristin Joachimsen

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
The chapter discusses topics that scholars have associated with the Persian context of the book of Isaiah, such as Cyrus, creation, monotheism, and universalism. Common to these topics is ... More

Canon  

Lee Martin McDonald

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the notion of canon in antiquity and its application to the writings that eventually received canonical recognition in the Jewish and Christian communities of faith. ... More

Canonical Reading of Isaiah  

John Goldingay

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
The chapter first reviews the background of renewed interest in the Isaiah scroll in the form in which it appears in the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. Second, it considers ... More

Classical Rabbinic Literature  

Catherine Hezser

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Classical rabbinic literature comprises all those ancient Jewish literary compilations which transmit the traditions of tannaitic (70–200 ce) and amoraic (third-to fifth-century ce) rabbis ... More

The Classical Sources on the Essenes and the Scrolls Communities  

Joan E. Taylor

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The nature of groups named in classical sources as ‘Essenes’ was considered in scholarship of Second Temple Judaism long before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but discussion of the ... More

Clean/Unclean, Pure/Impure, Holy/Profane  

Jonathan D. Lawrence

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter explores the biblical ideas of purity and the related concepts of cleanness and holiness. It discusses some of the terminology used for these concepts in the Bible and related ... More

Constructing Ancient Judaism from the Scrolls  

Martin Goodman

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls can be classified as religious documents of one kind or another, and all the studies since 1947 that have been devoted to their significance can be ... More

The Continuity of Biblical Interpretation in the Qumran Scrolls and Rabbinic Literature  

Bilhah Nitzan

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Considering Qumranic hermeneutical systems with regard to form, this article distinguishes between ‘internal interpretation’ integrated within rewritten biblical books, such as the Temple ... More

The Contribution of the Qumran Scrolls to the Study of Ancient Jewish Liturgy  

Daniel K. Falk

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Prayer as a service to God by the people is one of the most far reaching of religious practices, forming a central part of the religious practice of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam; yet ... More

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