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Adaptation in an Uncertain World—Detection and Attribution of Climate Change Trends and Extreme Possibilities  

Xiyue Li and Gary Yohe

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter offers results from an artificial simulation exercise that was designed to answer three fundamental questions that lie at the heart of anticipatory adaptation. First, how can ... More

Assessing Volcanic Hazard: A Review  

Joan Martí Molist

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Volcanoes represent complex geological systems capable of generating many dangerous phenomena. To evaluate and manage volcanic risk, we need first to assess volcanic hazard (i.e., identify ... More

Coastal Hazards, Risks, and Marine Extreme Events: What Are We Doing About It?  

Eduardo Marone, Ricardo de Camargo, and Julio Salcedo Castro

This article describes the threat costal hazards pose to existing life in light of climate change and natural disaster. It includes an overview of flooding, extreme waves, and other ... More

Decision Making Under Deep Uncertainty: Climate Change and Infrastructure Management  

Kelly Klima

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Decision making under questions of deep uncertainty can be vague or specific, open-ended or fixed, easy or hard. This chapter very briefly addresses issues and approaches to decision making ... More

Decision-Making by Water Managers Despite Climate Uncertainty  

Rob Wilby and Conor Murphy

Some of the most profound impacts of climate variability and change are expected in the water sector. These include more frequent, severe, and persistent droughts; more frequent, ... More

Earthquake Risk Assessment  

Max Wyss

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This article discusses the importance of assessing and estimating the risk of earthquakes. It begins with an overview of earthquake prediction and relevant terms, namely: earthquake hazard, ... More

Improving Infrastructure Resilience in Developing Countries  

Julie Rozenberg, Laura Bonzanigo, and Claire Nicolas

Increasing the amount of resilient infrastructure investments in developing countries is key to achieving development goals. Two issues need to be addressed to better support investment ... More

The new macroeconometrics: A Bayesian approach  

Peter Challenor, Doug McNeall, and James Gattiker

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This article examines the dynamics of the US economy over the last five decades using Bayesian analysis of dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models. It highlights an example ... More

Physical Mechanisms Responsible for Track Changes and Rainfall Distributions Associated with Tropical Cyclone Landfall  

Johnny C.L. Chan

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
As a tropical cyclone approaches land, its interaction with the characteristics of the land (surface roughness, topography, moisture availability, etc.) will lead to changes in its track as ... More

Projections and Hazards of Future Extreme Heat  

Colin Raymond, Dim Coumou, Tim Foreman, Andrew King, Kai Kornhuber, Corey Lesk, Camilo Mora, Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick, Simone Russo, and Sem Vijverberg

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
This chapter surveys how the state of knowledge about the physical processes that cause extreme heat and the societal factors that determine its impacts can be used to better predict these ... More

Tornadoes and Their Parent Convective Storms  

Howard B. Bluestein

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
In the past four decades much has been discovered about tornado formation and structure from observations, laboratory models, and numerical-simulation experiments. Observations include ... More

Trends in Vulnerability to Climate-related Hazards in the Pacific: Research, Understanding and Implications  

John Hay, Virginie Duvat, and Alexandre K. Magnan

The unique coping capacities and other attributes that Pacific island nations have been developing for centuries have sustained them in the face of an enormous range of local and global ... More

Urban Climate and Risk  

Teodoro Georgiadis

This work reports on the main physical processes that arise in the environment of the megacity from the “urban metabolism”—the complex interactions of the climate with the activities ... More

Vulnerability to the Health Impacts of Drought in Canada in the Context of Climate Change  

Peter Berry, Anna Yusa, and Livia Bizikova

Climate change is likely to increase drought globally and regionally, including within Canada, by the end of the century. In recent years, drought has affected communities across Canada and ... More