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Accountability Courts and Diversion Programs  

Salmon Shomade

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
This chapter focuses on prosecutors’ roles in accountability courts and diversion programs, details their participation in creating these specialized courts and programs, explains their ... More

Bar Authorities and Prosecutors  

Bruce A. Green

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
The professional regulation of U.S. prosecutors is primarily the responsibility of state judiciaries, which regulate all attorneys, including prosecutors, through the adoption and ... More

Broken and Beyond Repair: The American Death Penalty and the Insuperable Obstacles to Reform  

Carol S. Steiker and Jordan M. Steiker

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the tedious and unsuccessful project of controlling the death penalty through constitutional law. It first studies the problems that have surrounded constitutional ... More

Capital Punishment  

Ray Paternoster

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews the landscape of capital punishment as it now exists. Section I discusses the use of capital punishment internationally. Section II, reviews the use and characteristics ... More

Charging and Plea Bargaining as Forms of Sentencing Discretion  

Ronald F. Wright

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article shows how charging and plea bargaining can be used as forms of sentencing discretion. It first examines the claims that prosecutorial charging and plea bargaining discretion is ... More

Community Prosecution and Building Trust Across a Racial Divide  

Ronald F. Wright

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
Community prosecution seeks input from local groups to shape the priorities of the prosecutor’s office. Prosecutors who listen to the community aim to develop a relationship of trust ... More

The Conundrum of Girls and Juvenile Justice Processing  

Kimberly Kempf‐Leonard

Due to the under-representation of females, public officials have paid less attention to understanding their offending or to developing and assessing prevention and intervention strategies ... More

Corporate Criminal Law Unbounded  

Miriam H. Baer

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
In matters of lawmaking, ascription of fault, and imposition of punishment, corporate prosecution diverges from traditional understandings of what criminal law is, how it should be made, ... More

Courtroom Workgroups: “A Prosecutor, a Defense Attorney, and a Judge Walk into a Bar…”  

Milton Heumann, Rick Kavin, and Anu Chugh

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
“Courtroom workgroup” is a term used to describe the ongoing relationships between judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys. These three interrelated relationships define how the central ... More

Crime Victims, Sentencing, and Release from Prison  

Julian V. Roberts

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the role of the victim during sentencing and parole release proceedings in the United States and other common law jurisdictions. It reviews the empirical evidence of ... More

The Dark at the Top of the Stairs: Four Destructive Influences of Capital Punishment on American Criminal Justice  

Franklin E. Zimring and David T. Johnson

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article tries to show how capital punishment can become a destructive influence on American criminal justice. It first determines that due to the availability of the death penalty, ... More

Disclosure, Security, Technology: Challenges in Pre-trial Access to Evidence  

Darryl K. Brown

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
Criminal disclosure rules in all common law jurisdictions are organized around the same sets of conflicting aims. Pre-trial evidence disclosure is essential to fair and accurate ... More

Drug and Other Specialty Courts  

Ojmarrh Mitchell

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents an overview of drug and other specialty courts. Section I defines specialty courts and traces their growth in number and types. It also explores the factors that ... More

The Elusive Juvenile Court: Its Origins, Practices, and Re-Inventions  

David S. Tanenhaus

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article traces the ideological origins and legal foundations of the juvenile court. It examines juvenile courts at work in the early twentieth century, their guiding principles, and ... More

Female Offenders and Women in Prison  

LaTosha Traylor and Beth Richie

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the steadily increasing number of females being admitted in corrections. It emphasizes the need for gender-based programs inside and outside prisons, and observes ... More

The Front End of the Juvenile Court: Intake and Informal versus Formal Processing  

Daniel P. Mears

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article is focused on front-end processing in the juvenile court. The front end of juvenile justice refers to initial court decisions about how to process cases. The article discusses ... More

General Deterrence  

Robert Apel and Daniel S. Nagin

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article begins with a discussion of key concepts of deterrence. Section II turns to empirical research on general deterrence. It considers the deterrent effect of the penultimate and ... More

Hiring and Learning Strategies in Prosecution Services  

Rasmus H. Wandall

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
The chapter provides a comparative overview of current hiring and learning strategies in prosecution services. It draws on empirical examples from all parts of the world. Specifically, the ... More

Identifying, Treating, and Reducing Risk for Offenders with Mental Illness  

Jennifer L. Skeem and Jillian K. Peterson

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides a vivid description of how persons with mental illness continually find themselves involved in the corrections system. It first explains how their unique needs are ... More

Increasing Discretionary Prosecutor’s Powers: The Pivotal Role of the Italian Prosecutor in the Pretrial Investigation Phase  

Michele Caianiello

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This essay considers the increasingly prominent role played by the prosecutor in the Italian criminal justice system, focusing on the investigation and pretrial phase. The assumption is ... More

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