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The Archaeology of Social Transformation in the New Guinea Highlands  

Dylan Gaffney and Tim Denham

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
This article examines three key aspects of New Guinea Highlands prehistory, with important implications for regional and global archaeology, including evidence for (1) adaptive flexibility ... More

Australia’s Rock Art Heritage: A Thematic Approach to Assessing Scientific Value  

Jo McDonald

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Australia has myriad rock art places that have special significance to their many Indigenous owners and a heritage resource of outstanding universal value to all humankind. The appropriate ... More

Behavioural inferences from Late Pleistocene Aboriginal Australia: seasonality, butchery, and nutrition in southwest Tasmania  

Richard Cosgrove and Jillian Garvey

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Detailed research into marsupial behavioural ecology and modelling of past Aboriginal exploitation of terrestrial fauna has been scarce. Poor bone preservation is one limiting factor in ... More

Bodies Revealed: X-ray Art in Western Arnhem Land  

Luke Taylor

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This chapter examines X-ray art in western Arnhem Land in northern Australia, considering how relatively contemporary artists used it to enrich the meaning of their work. After discussing ... More

Boundaries, Relationality, and Style Provinces in Australian Rock Art  

Madeleine Kelly and Liam M. Brady

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
Identifying style provinces is a popular topic of enquiry in Australian rock art research. At the core of these studies is the focus on the style or manner of depiction of motifs as a key ... More

The Coming of the Dingo  

Jane Balme and Sue O'Connor

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
The dingo, or native dog, arrived in Australia with people traveling on watercraft in the Late Holocene. By the time Europeans colonized the continent, dingoes were incorporated into the ... More

Coral Sea Cultural Interaction Sphere  

Ian J. McNiven

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
Cultural interactions between Aboriginal peoples of northeastern Australia and Melanesian peoples of southern New Guinea have caught the attention of anthropologists and archaeologists ... More

Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights in Rock Art: A Case Study of Australian Indigenous Art  

Stephen Gray

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Questions of legal and cultural rights over rock art are particularly compelling given the very different significance the art holds for Indigenous people compared to that recognized by a ... More

The Development (and Imagined Reinvention) of Australian Archaeology in the Twentieth Century  

Chris Urwin and Matthew Spriggs

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
Most histories of Australian archaeology written in the past three decades imagine that the discipline came of age in (approximately) the year 1960. We are led to believe that systematic ... More

Fatal Frontier: Temporal and Spatial Considerations of the Native Mounted Police and Colonial Violence across Queensland  

Lynley A. Wallis, Heather Burke, Bryce Barker, and Noelene Cole

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
Over the past two decades, archaeologists have explored aspects of Indigenous agency to better encompass experiences of cross-cultural contact in colonial Australia. Yet the area of ... More

Historisizing the ‘Dreaming’: An Archaeological Perspective from Arid Australia  

M. A. Smith

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
The ‘Dreaming’ is an elaborate belief system that forms the governing ideology of Indigenous Australia. It religiously sanctions the relationship between people and place, and articulates ... More

Maritime Coastal and Island Societies of Australia and New Guinea  

Michael Rowland, Ben Shaw, and Sean Ulm

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
Coasts, islands, and marine resources played a central role in the dispersal of people into and across Sahul (the combined landmass of New Guinea and Australia). This vast area spans ... More

Mortars and Pestles Make the Mid-Holocene Occupation of New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago Visible  

Pamela Swadling

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
Stone mortars and pestles are distributed across New Guinea, but few have been found in West Papua. As they are now securely dated to the Mid-Holocene, their distribution can be used as the ... More

Murray River Societies in Australia through the Lens of Bioarchaeology  

Judith Littleton, Sarah Karstens, and Harry Allen

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
The Murray River Valley was one of the most densely occupied areas of inland Australia during the Holocene. Unlike other areas of Australia, the record of burials and human remains ... More

Out of Time and Place: Graffiti and Rock Art Research  

Ursula K. Frederick

This chapter explores the relationship between graffiti and rock art in the context of archaeological and heritage studies. It outlines how archaeologists, and particularly rock art ... More

Persistence of Complexity: Continuation of Intensification, Population Change, and Socio-Structural Change in Current Debates in Australian Archaeology  

Harry Lourandos and Anne Ross

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
The Intensification debate of the late 1970s–1980s in world and Australian archaeology challenged conventional environmental theories of human behaviour, and the concept of hunter-gatherers ... More

Plants Before Animals?: Aboriginal Rock Art as Evidence of Ecoscaping in Australia’s Kimberley  

Sven Ouzman, Peter Veth, Cecilia Myers, Pauline Heaney, and Kevin Kenneally

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The multiple Aboriginal rock art traditions of Australia’s Kimberley contain primary evidence of commensal human–plant relationships that we term ‘ecoscaping’. Produced over tens of ... More

Rock Art and Ethnography in Australia  

Liam M. Brady, Robert G. Gunn, Claire Smith, and Bruno David

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter discusses the contribution of ethnography to the study of Australian rock art. With more than 100 years of ethnographic enquiry into rock art from across the country, valuable ... More

Stone-Walled Fish traps of Australia and New Guinea as Expressions of Enhanced Sociality  

Ian J. McNiven and Ariana B. J. Lambrides

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
Fishing was and remains an important subsistence activity of many coastal and inland Indigenous peoples of Australia and New Guinea. The range of ethnographically known fishing methods used ... More

Swamp and Delta Societies of the Papuan Gulf, Papua New Guinea  

Chris Urwin, James W. Rhoads, and Joshua A. Bell

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
The Papuan Gulf’s littoral coastline has been emerging and transforming since the late Pleistocene. Large river deltas such as the Fly, Kikori, and Purari transport sediments into the Coral ... More

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