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Addressing the Gender Gap in R2P  

Sara Davies

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Since its inception, the responsibility to protect (R2P) principle has been progressively narrowed in its scope and application in order to capture widespread support from governments and ... More

The African Union  

Kwesi Aning and Frank Okyere

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The African Union has been acclaimed for its effort in adopting policies that seek to protect civilian populations from mass atrocity crimes. It has transited from the principle of ... More

Animal Work  

Jocelyne Porcher

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Although the presence of animals in our lives seems natural, it is not; it depends on work. But we don’t know what work means for a dog, a horse, or a cow. This chapter proposes a concept ... More

Animals as Legal Subjects  

Paul Waldau

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter contrasts the dominant sense of the phrase “animals as legal subjects,” which minimizes fundamental protections for nonhuman animals, with alternative senses of the same ... More

Animals as Living Property  

David Favre

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
For all recorded history domestic animals have been considered objects within the legal system, classified as personal property, the primary focus being on what an owner can do with ... More

Animals as Sentient Commodities  

Rhoda Wilkie

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
A discrepancy exists between the legal and perceived status of livestock. Legally, food animals are property, but their thing-like status is unstable and does not determine how they are ... More

The Arab Region  

Fateh Azzam and Coralie Hindawi

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter looks at Arab perspectives on the responsibility to protect, both at a conventional, state-focused level, and at the level of civil society. The study shows that the Arab ... More

Asia Pacific and South Asia  

Sarah Teitt

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
There is a tendency to view R2P diffusion in the Asia Pacific region as a function of ‘norm containment’, which explains endorsement of R2P as a result of the weakening, deconstruction, or ... More

At the Limits of Rhetoric: Authority, Commonplace, and the Role of Literature in Carl Schmitt  

Johannes Türk

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
This chapter analyzes the systematic relationship of Carl Schmitt’s oeuvre to rhetoric, arguing that his work cannot be detached from its engagement in a simultaneously metaphysical and ... More

The Blurry Boundary between Peacebuilding and R2P  

Roland Paris

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Policy practitioners and scholars have tended to treat the responsibility to protect (R2P) and peacebuilding as separate domains. This chapter, in contrast, argues that these two domains ... More

Cetacean Cognition  

Lori Marino

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Cetacean cognition at the level of the individual is complex and highly sophisticated and shares a number of characteristics with human and other great ape cognitive features. At the same ... More

Citizenship and Nationhood  

Chaim Gans

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Citizenship in this chapter means membership of a state. Nationhood means membership of a “nation”, which is a particular type of cultural and/or ethnic collective. I first set out the ... More

Citizenship and State Transition  

Oxana Shevel

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter analyzes the national citizenship regimes adopted by newly independent states and factors that influence the content of these regimes. The chapter examines how the goal of ... More

Citizenship and the Franchise  

Jo Shaw

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The struggle for universal suffrage has been a paradigmatic political struggle in the modern state, as people have striven to achieve full and equal citizenship. This chapter examines - ... More

Co-Operative Federalism  

Robert French

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter studies the term ‘co-operative federalism’ and the part it plays in the working of Australia's constitutional arrangements. Co-operative federalism, as practised in Australia, ... More

Conflict Prevention and R2P  

Ruben Reike

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines how the agenda of prevention of armed conflict relates to the principle of the responsibility to protect (R2P). While R2P was originally assumed to be fully ... More

Constitutional Identity  

Gary Jeffrey Jacobsohn

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Feb 2017
This chapter examines the concept of constitutional identity as it applies to the Indian Constitution. It first considers the problem of constitutional identity, with particular emphasis ... More

The Constitutional Politics of Congress  

Neal Devins

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter examines the constitutional politics of Congress, with particular emphasis on the ways constitutional values are shaped by congressional interpretations of the Constitution. ... More

The Constitutional Politics of the Executive Branch  

Mariah Zeisberg

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter examines the constitutional politics of the executive branch in the United States. It first reviews some important concepts in the study of constitutional politics involving ... More

The Constitutional Politics of the Judiciary  

Justin Crowe

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter examines the constitutional politics of the judiciary, with particular emphasis on judicial structure, judicial personnel, and judicial power. It first considers the ... More

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