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Abortion and Reproductive Rights  

Jane Maslow Cohen

Print publication date:
Jun 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses critical debate about individual control over the beginnings of life that has sprawled across the fields of academic law, philosophy, politics, religion, the life ... More

Accessing Hospitals and Health Professionals  

Eleanor D. Kinney and Priscilla Keith

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This chapter examines the issue of access to healthcare, with particular emphasis on the five dimensions of the model proposed by Roy Penchansky and J. William Thomas: availability, ... More

Anthropology and the Grounds of Human Rights  

Mark Goodale

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the relation between the history of anthropology and human rights. It explains that anthropology first became connected with human rights in 1947 when the United Nations ... More

The Anti-Slavery Movement and the Rise of International Non-Governmental Organizations  

Jenny S. Martinez

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the history of the emergence in the nineteenth century of non-governmental organizations, focusing on those organized around slavery and women’s rights and suffrage. It explains ... More

Armed Conflict and Forced Migration: A Systematic Approach To International Humanitarian Law, Refugee Law, And International Human Rights Law  

Vincent Chetail

Print publication date:
Mar 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
This chapter examines the application of three branches of international law to forced migration and refugee protection in an armed conflict. It provides a comparative assessment of these ... More

Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Abortion  

Judith Daar

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This article focuses on debates, both historic and contemporary, surrounding assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and abortion. After providing a historical background on ART and ... More

The Best Interests of the Child  

Wouter Vandenhole and Gamze Erdem Türkelli

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
The best interests of the child principle is considered a pillar of children’s rights law and, according to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), is to be a primary ... More

Biological Foundations of Human Rights  

Chris A. Robinson

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines biological theories and evidence about the evolution of human traits that are relevant for the development of human rights law. It highlights the human potential for violent and ... More

The Biomedical Research Enterprise  

Mark Barnes and David Peloquin

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This article examines federal and state laws on biomedical research in the United States. It also considers the tension among various regulatory regimes and highlights conflicting ... More

Child Participation  

Jaap Doek

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
This chapter starts with a critical assessment of the legal foundation of the concept of child participation from the perspective of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is ... More

The Child’s Right to Family  

Barbara Bennett Woodhouse

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
This chapter discusses the role played by human rights charters, such as the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the European Charter of Human Rights, and the African Charter on the ... More

A Child-Centered Approach to Children’s Rights Law Living Rights and Translations  

Karl Hanson and Olga Nieuwenhuys

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
A child-centered approach to children’s rights law recognizes that children shape, interpret, and practice what their rights are and that they have the right to do so. This chapter starts ... More

Children in Armed Conflict  

Mark Drumbl

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
This chapter addresses a particularly vulnerable population of children, namely, children associated with armed forces or armed groups. These children are colloquially known as child ... More

Children with Disabilities: Achievements, Prospects, and Challenges Ahead  

Maya Sabatello and Mary Frances Layden

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
Children with disabilities are among the most vulnerable groups in the world—and a children’s rights approach is key for reversing historical wrongs and for promoting an inclusive future. ... More

Children’s Rights in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges and Opportunities  

Jonathan Todres and Shani M. King

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
Significant progress has been made on implementing children’s rights and securing child well-being in the thirty years since the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Yet ... More

Citizenship  

Ayelet Shachar

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article highlights the trials and tribulations of citizenship in a world of increasing mobility and diversity. The discussion is divided into three parts. Section I provides a concise ... More

Citizenship and Human Rights  

David Owen

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The relationship of citizenship and human rights has become a central issue for contemporary politics. This chapter begins with a brief overview of theories of human rights, before ... More

Citizenship and Rights of Children  

David B. Thronson

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
Citizenship plays a larger and more critical role in the life of children than it should. Children who lack citizenship are incredibly vulnerable to exploitation. In the migration context, ... More

Citizenship in Immigration States  

Christian Joppke

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter traces the development of citizenship in immigrant-receiving states, comparing the Gulf States in the Middle East with the Western states of Europe and North America. In ... More

Climate Change and Children’s Rights  

Christine Bakker

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
The relationship between climate change and children’s rights has been explicitly recognized in the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change. This chapter considers how the enjoyment of ... More

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