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Addressing the Gender Gap in R2P  

Sara Davies

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Since its inception, the responsibility to protect (R2P) principle has been progressively narrowed in its scope and application in order to capture widespread support from governments and ... More

The African Union  

Kwesi Aning and Frank Okyere

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The African Union has been acclaimed for its effort in adopting policies that seek to protect civilian populations from mass atrocity crimes. It has transited from the principle of ... More

Animal Work  

Jocelyne Porcher

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Although the presence of animals in our lives seems natural, it is not; it depends on work. But we don’t know what work means for a dog, a horse, or a cow. This chapter proposes a concept ... More

Animals as Legal Subjects  

Paul Waldau

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter contrasts the dominant sense of the phrase “animals as legal subjects,” which minimizes fundamental protections for nonhuman animals, with alternative senses of the same ... More

Animals as Living Property  

David Favre

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
For all recorded history domestic animals have been considered objects within the legal system, classified as personal property, the primary focus being on what an owner can do with ... More

Animals as Sentient Commodities  

Rhoda Wilkie

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
A discrepancy exists between the legal and perceived status of livestock. Legally, food animals are property, but their thing-like status is unstable and does not determine how they are ... More

The Arab Region  

Fateh Azzam and Coralie Hindawi

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter looks at Arab perspectives on the responsibility to protect, both at a conventional, state-focused level, and at the level of civil society. The study shows that the Arab ... More

Asia Pacific and South Asia  

Sarah Teitt

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
There is a tendency to view R2P diffusion in the Asia Pacific region as a function of ‘norm containment’, which explains endorsement of R2P as a result of the weakening, deconstruction, or ... More

At the Limits of Rhetoric: Authority, Commonplace, and the Role of Literature in Carl Schmitt  

Johannes Türk

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
This chapter analyzes the systematic relationship of Carl Schmitt’s oeuvre to rhetoric, arguing that his work cannot be detached from its engagement in a simultaneously metaphysical and ... More

The Blurry Boundary between Peacebuilding and R2P  

Roland Paris

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Policy practitioners and scholars have tended to treat the responsibility to protect (R2P) and peacebuilding as separate domains. This chapter, in contrast, argues that these two domains ... More

Cetacean Cognition  

Lori Marino

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Cetacean cognition at the level of the individual is complex and highly sophisticated and shares a number of characteristics with human and other great ape cognitive features. At the same ... More

Conflict Prevention and R2P  

Ruben Reike

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines how the agenda of prevention of armed conflict relates to the principle of the responsibility to protect (R2P). While R2P was originally assumed to be fully ... More

Côte d’Ivoire  

Charles T. Hunt

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines the international response to Côte d’Ivoire’s post-election crisis in 2010/11. In particular, it analyses the elements that relate to the responsibility to protect ... More

Darfur  

Jess Gifkins

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines the application of R2P to Darfur by the UN Security Council. It outlines the Security Council’s engagement with Darfur prior to the 2005 agreement on R2P, and ... More

Decolonial Feminism, Gender, and Transitional Justice in Latin America  

Pascha Bueno-Hansen

Print publication date:
Feb 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Using Peru as an example, this chapter explores gender-based violence in conflict and transitional justice processes through a lens of decolonial feminism. Beginning with an analysis of ... More

Deliberative Law  

David Ponet and Ethan J. Leib

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The “systemic turn” in deliberative democractic theory builds off the critical insight that one instance or site of deliberation does not legitimate an entire political system. But ... More

The Democratic Republic of Congo  

Arthur J. Boutellis

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Authorized in the wake of the Srebrenica massacre and Rwandan genocide, the United Nations peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was the first of two UN ... More

The Electoral System of Israel  

Matthew S. Shugart

The electoral system of Israel is an “extreme” example of proportional representation because of its use of a single nationwide district. This feature has been a constant since 1949, while ... More

Embedding R2P in a New Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities  

Kishore Mahbubani

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The responsibility to protect (R2P) will soon face significant stress. As a perceived Western value, it could suffer as Western power recedes. It could also be undermined by Western double ... More

The Ethics of Food Animal Production  

Paul B. Thompson

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter summarizes two strands of work on the ethics of food animal production. A dietetic tradition emphasizes the questions of whether and under what conditions consumption of ... More

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