Pamela Sue Anderson
A feminist perspective on religious diversity goes to the very heart of the movement and waves of feminism, and it faces an inherent paradox of identity and diversity. A feminist must claim an identity; at the same time, diversity is the reality generated from the differences among individual women and among groups of women. When it comes to debates about religious diversity, a significant common issue for our global world is the question of the salvation, liberation, or fulfillment of human beings. Religious diversity raises a question that religions share but that each gives conflicting answers to what is wrong with humanity, and how it can be solved. A feminist perspective raises a similar but gender-critical question, exposing the gender bias in the humanity problem of religions. This article analyzes religious diversity from a feminist perspective, religious exclusivism, and myth and imagination in the pursuit of truth.
Melissa M. Wilcox
This article deals with the issues of gender and sexuality in millennial movements. Patriarchy pervades across the spectrum, varieties range from reversal of normative gender based divisions of labor, to anti-abortion drives, to a renouncement of the original sin (sexual intercourse) and others. Convinced at a gross degeneration of the divinely ordained ways, various strains proposed practice of “free love”. Differential interpretations of scriptures evoke different responses to the same elements. While raising a woman to the level of a messiah, generating obedience from men and women alike, and throwing a protectionist cordon around the woman, may seem overtly empowering, with the woman shrouded in false consciousness, becoming party to the abetment of patriarchy. This article sites an instance of white and colored racial supremacists, two extremes of the same spectrum, having in common the same patriarchal subjective notion of women and their role.
What was the role of religion in the origin and perpetuation of slavery in the United States? How did religion affect the cruel treatment of Native Americans? Has religion had an impact on the fate of immigrants of color as they entered the nation? In short, did religious ideology in general, and Christianity in particular, challenge or support the historically overt racist social structure of the United States? The answer heavily depends on one's perspective on the role of religion. Patterns picked up from historical encounters provide insight, allowing us to understand the contemporary relationship between race and religion. This article explores the idea that a particular religion has been generally used to promote the interests of the racial/ethnic group that promotes it. It discusses early Christianity and white supremacy, the emergence of white racial identity and modern racism, non-Christian expressions of racial protests, and multiracial churches and racial identity.
Theological Perspective on Mutual Solidarity in the Context of Globalization: The Circle's Experience
Given the complexity of the West African sub-region and the fact that there are several theologies by African women, some of whom do not identify themselves as feminists, a contribution to the exploration of feminist theology from a West African perspective is not an easy and simple task. In order to deal with such a problem, this chapter focuses on the Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians (Circle). From an initial membership of about seventy women, the Circle's membership has increased to about four hundred women. A particular view of feminist theology from a West African perspective is presented. Basically, it is a theological reflection on the urgent need to seek ways of networking and working together as people of faith and hope. It is a search through our faith traditions for viable ways of working together for the common good as women from diverse religious, social, and ideological contexts in a world that has been affected by globalization. The underlying assumption here is that if we carefully search through such traditions, we realize that, depending on how we re-read and interpret information, there are still some good resources which we can tap for our search for viable networking, despite our inevitable commonalities and differences. This has been one of the goals of the Circle set in pluralistic contexts.