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Aquinas and Atheism  

Brian Davies

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how ... More

Buddhism  

Andrew Skilton

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The article examines evidence for characteristic Buddhist positions regarding the nature and soteriological status of deities. It establishes that deities are but one of several classes of ... More

The Case Against Atheism  

T. J. Mawson

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay begins by remarking that the broad understanding of atheism (‘absence of belief in a God or gods’) is not a position that theism per se commits one to claiming is unreasonable. ... More

Critiques of Theistic Arguments  

A. C. Grayling

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Within the history of western philosophy, there have been a number of classic ways of arguing for the existence of God. The most important of these are the teleological argument (or ... More

Hinduism  

Jessica Frazier

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Over the course of 3000 years, Hindu intellectual culture has not only embraced differing notions of the divine, but also a variety of different ‘atheisms’—the most famous of these being ... More

India  

Johannes Quack

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article introduces the aims and activities of atheist, humanist and rationalist groups with a focus on the lived experiences of atheists in present-day India. At the same time it ... More

The Islamic World  

Samuli Schielke

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Looking at the history and present state of atheism in the Islamic world, this article focuses primarily on Iran and the eastern parts of the Arab world, connecting the present motivations ... More

Jainism  

Anne Vallelly

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Jains dismiss as delusional the belief in a grace-bestowing creator God, yet approach each day reverentially and prayerfully. This seeming paradox is explored, arguing that Jainism’s ... More

Japan  

Sarah Whylly

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
What does it mean to be an atheist in Japan and what do the Japanese understand to be the difference between being non-religious and being atheist? When and under what conditions do such ... More

Jewish Atheism  

Jacques Berlinerblau

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Though Jews are assumed to have a special affinity for atheism, a careful glance at the historical record suggests this hypothesis has yet to be verified. Basic terms in the languages of ... More

North America  

Ryan T. Cragun, Joseph H. Hammer, and Jesse M. Smith

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay provides an overview of what is known about atheists in North America. It begins with estimates of the total number of atheists in North America, including Central America, ... More

The Problem of Evil  

Michael L. Peterson

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The problem of evil is considered to be the most formidable objection to theism and a central element in the case for atheism. This essay surveys and evaluates the two key formulations of ... More

Skeptical Theism and The Problem of Evil  

Michael Bergmann

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The most interesting thing about sceptical theism is its sceptical component. When sceptical theists use that component in responding to arguments from evil, they think it is reasonable for ... More

Western Europe  

Lois Lee

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
A particular affinity between Western Europe and atheism is commonly perceived. This essay outlines the ways in which especially histories of atheism and secularization have described and ... More

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