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Armageddon in Christian, Sunni, and Shia Traditions  

Michael A. Sells

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which looks at the actual or alleged cases of apocalypticism within contemporary Iranian Shi'ite, Saudi Sunni, and American Christian circles, evaluates the issue of ... More

Early Qur’anic Exegesis: From Textual Interpretation to Linguistic Analysis  

Kees Versteegh

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2020
This chapter deals with the types of exegesis found in the earliest commentaries on the Qur’an (second/eighth and third/ninth centuries). After discussing the authenticity of these ... More

Islam  

Asma Barlas

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This chapter analyses the Qur’an’s position on theology, sexuality, and gender, with the intent of challenging readings of Islam as a patriarchy. It illustrates that missing from Islam’s ... More

Islam and Democracy  

Nader Hashemi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter examines the debate on the relationship between Islam and democracy. It begins by tracing the historical roots of the debate. It then considers the so-called establishment view ... More

The Islamic Action Front in Jordan  

Shadi Hamid

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the changing role of Jordan’s largest and most organized political party, the Islamic Action Front (IAF). It begins by tracing the history and development of the IAF. ... More

Islamic Reform between Islamic Law and the Nation-State  

Sherman A. Jackson

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the issue of Islamic reform, distinguishing between the application of Islamic law in general and its application as the basis of a legally monistic, homogenizing ... More

Law and the Qur’an  

Joseph E. Lowry

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2020
This chapter provides a general overview of legal concepts and positive legislation in the Qur’an. It covers the Qur’an’s presentation of legal terms, concepts, and materials and surveys ... More

Muslim Engagement with Injustice and Violence  

Bruce B. Lawrence

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter explores the role of violence in Islam, specifically contrasting Islam in 611 with the Islam associated with terrorism on 9/11. When several tribes attempted to draw from the ... More

Qur’anic Ethics  

Ebrahim Moosa

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Qur’anic ethics stands at the centre of Muslim exegesis of the Qur’an both in the past and the present. The belief exists that the Qur’an recommends crucial teachings for the good life ... More

Salafiya, Modernism, and Revival  

Abdullah Saeed

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the reform agenda of the Modernist-Salafiya movement (or Modernist-Salafism). Among the movement’s key concerns is the need to reform Islamic thought to enable Muslims ... More

The Shari‘ah  

Khalid Abou El Fadl

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article provides an overview of Shari`ah and Islamic law. The discussions cover the difference between Shari`ah, Islamic law and Muslim law, the sources of Islamic law, the nature and ... More

Shariah in Europe  

Mathias Rohe

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
This chapter deals with shariah in Europe from two different angles. It links the debate about the application of shariah norms on European soil with the legal aspects regarding the scope ... More

Theories of Ethical Value in Kalām: A New Interpretation  

Ayman Shihadeh

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This article offers a new interpretation of the debate on the nature of ethical value in the developed kalām tradition. After situating the problem in the broad context of theodicy, it ... More

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