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The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept  

Mark Silk

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant theologians ... More

Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism  

James D. Tabor

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time; ... More

Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament  

Gerard J. Norton

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These ... More

Apocalyptic  

Philip Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In the Old Testament, apocalyptic literature (or simply ‘apocalyptic’, as the genre is often called) might not seem to occupy a prominent place. Only the book of Daniel falls into this ... More

Apocalypticism, Millenarianism, and Messianism  

Lutz Greisiger

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Apocalyptic phenomena and discourses run as a thread through Jewish, Christian, and Muslim history, playing a lead role during times of transition and ferment. Apocalyptic phenomena ... More

Archaeology  

John R. Bartlett

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses archaeology's impact on biblical scholarship, especially over the last two centuries. It describes the Christian pilgrims, explorers, travellers, map makers, and ... More

Archaeology  

John R. Bartlett

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses the contributions of archaeology to biblical scholarship. Biblical scholarship needs the archaeologist as it needs the anthropologist, the epigraphist, the ... More

Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church  

Richard Swinburne

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has ... More

Authors, Books, and Readers in the Ancient World  

Alan Millard

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses authorship, books, and readers in Old Testament and New Testament times. In the Old Testament world, authorship is necessarily admitted in letters, and related to ... More

The Bible in Ethics  

Eryl W. Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins with a discussion of the methodological issues faced by scholars of ethics in the Old Testament and New Testament. It then identifies the basis of Old Testament ethics ... More

Bible Reading and/after Theory  

Valentine Cunningham

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
The nature of modern Bible study changed in or about September 1969 when the French Catholic Association for the Study of the Bible got the already renommé structuralist Roland Barthes to ... More

Biblical Theology  

Bernd Janowski

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article gives an overview of the basic problems in biblical theology from the point of view of how they have developed since the beginnings of biblical theological work in the ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Its Composition History  

Uwe Becker

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter discusses the complex literary growth (Redaktionsgeschichte) that lies behind Isa 1–66, with special focus on history of research. The most important contribution can be ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Its Final Structure  

Jacob Stromberg

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter examines the structure of the book of Isaiah. It argues that the parts of the book have been organized into a meaningful whole for the ancient reader. In part, this has been ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Persian/Hellenistic Background  

Kristin Joachimsen

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
The chapter discusses topics that scholars have associated with the Persian context of the book of Isaiah, such as Cyrus, creation, monotheism, and universalism. Common to these topics is ... More

Canon  

Lee Martin McDonald

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the notion of canon in antiquity and its application to the writings that eventually received canonical recognition in the Jewish and Christian communities of faith. ... More

Canonical Reading of Isaiah  

John Goldingay

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
The chapter first reviews the background of renewed interest in the Isaiah scroll in the form in which it appears in the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. Second, it considers ... More

Catholics  

Kevin P. Spicer

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Catholic and Protestant churches were on-lookers and sometimes worse, as their responses to persecution included forms of inaction that spilled over into complicity. Beginning with an ... More

Christianity  

Stephen R. Haynes

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Without Christianity and its centuries-long hostility toward Jews and Judaism, the Holocaust scarcely would have been possible. What difference has that recognition made to Christian ... More

Clean/Unclean, Pure/Impure, Holy/Profane  

Jonathan D. Lawrence

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter explores the biblical ideas of purity and the related concepts of cleanness and holiness. It discusses some of the terminology used for these concepts in the Bible and related ... More

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