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The Commodification of Women’s Reproductive Tissue and Services  

Donna Dickenson

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2016
Although the term “commodification” is sometimes criticized as imprecise or overused, in fact it has a complex philosophical ancestry and can never be used too much because the phenomena ... More

Competing Conceptions of the Individual in Recent Economics  

John B. Davis

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article characterizes the Homo economicus conception in terms of three linked properties that are central to it as an atomist conception. On the standard view, individuals: have ... More

The Concept of Race in Medicine  

Robin O. Andreasen

Print publication date:
Jul 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on ethical issues of biomedical research. The ethical concerns raised maintain that potential benefits outweigh potential harms. The benefit is that collecting and ... More

Cooperation and Reciprocity: Empirical Evidence and Normative Implications  

James Woodward

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article investigates the empirical evidence and normative implications of cooperation and reciprocity. It pays attention to forging connections with issues in normative political ... More

Coordination and the Foundations of Social Intelligence  

Don Ross

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses the thesis that human intelligence in evolutionary history led from the need to meet the needs of social interactions. The evolution of human coordination capacities ... More

Cultural Evolution: Integration and Skepticism  

Tim Lewens

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article, which defines the relation between sociobiology and other kinds of evolutionary account, and between meme-based versions and population-level learning accounts, also tries to ... More

Descriptive-Causal Generalizations: “Empirical Laws” in the Social Sciences?  

Gary Goertz

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article argues that strong “descriptive-causal generalizations” are in fact quite common, at least compared to the standard belief of approximately zero. The philosophy of the special ... More

Evaluating Social Policy  

Daniel M. Hausman

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article is concerned with the role of quantitative and consequentialist considerations in the evaluation of policies within departments of government. It concentrates on the ... More

The Evolutionary Program in Social Philosophy  

Francesco Guala

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article deals mainly with disagreements that are internal to the evolutionary program. It introduces some theoretical concepts from the theory of games and evolutionary biology, ... More

Experimental Economics—A Philosophical Perspective  

Werner Güth and Hartmut Kliemt

The originally Hobbesian ideal of twentieth-century neoclassical economics as a discipline that studies human interaction “more geometrico” as a scenery of interactive rational decision ... More

Experimental Investigations of Social Preferences  

James F. Woodward

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article surveys some of the philosophical issues raised by recent experimental work on so-called social preferences. More broadly, its focus is on experimental explorations of the ... More

Explaining Growth  

Harold Kincaid

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The aim of this article is to make explicit the kinds of arguments provided for evidence and explanations of the causes of growth, while paying some attention to the complexities and ... More

Facts and Values in Modern Economics  

Partha Dasgupta

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This chapter offers an account of the contemporary economist's model of human agency in a market setting and of the ways in which individual choices are related to collective behavior in ... More

Genes and Society  

Lisa Gannett

Print publication date:
Jul 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article emphasizes various ways in which the connection of relationships has been framed conceptually over the course of Western philosophy by Plato, Aristotle, and more recently by ... More

Mechanistic Social Probability: How Individual Choices and Varying Circumstances Produce Stable Social Patterns  

Marshall Abrams

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article investigates a philosophical hypothesis about the nature of (some) probabilities encountered in social sciences, and also explains how to use a new interpretation of ... More

Micro, Macro, and Mechanisms  

Petri Ylikoski

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article, which takes a fresh look at micro–macro relations in the social sciences from the point of view of the mechanistic account of explanation, introduces the distinction between ... More

Models of Culture  

Mark Risjord

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The new models of culture have opened different possibilities for the explanation of action, and they present interesting challenges to the familiar ways of understanding agency. In this ... More

Neuroethics: Neuroscience and Society  

Eric Racine and Veljko Dubljević

This article reviews different points of interest in neuroethics. These are exemplified by the three broad areas of neuroscience research—neuroimaging, neuropharmacology, and ... More

Neurotechnologies and Justice by, with, and for Disabled People  

Sara Goering and Eran Klein

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Neurotechnologies under development are often explicitly justified in terms of the advantages they will provide to disabled people. Thus, it would seem important to know what disabled ... More

Norms  

David Henderson

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article describes some of the ways in which brute behavioral norms can feature as explananda. Explanation in terms of norms-as-rules is not far removed from explanation that turns on ... More

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