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Animal Behavior  

Stephen J. Crowley and Colin Allen

Print publication date:
Jul 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on comparative psychology, ethology, and cognitive ethology which explain animal behaviour. The same old questions raised by ancient Greek are discussed by scientists ... More

Artificial Intelligence  

Diane Proudfoot and B. Jack Copeland

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
In this article the central philosophical issues concerning human-level artificial intelligence (AI) are presented. AI largely changed direction in the 1980s and 1990s, concentrating on ... More

Biological Clocks: Explaining with Models of Mechanisms  

Sarah K. Robins and Carl F. Craver

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the concept of mechanistic explanation by considering the mechanism of circadian rhythm or biological clocks. It provides an account of mechanistic explanation and ... More

Biosemantics  

Ruth Garrett Millikan

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The term ‘biosemantics’ has usually been applied only to the theory of mental representation. This article first characterizes a more general class of theories called ‘teleological theories ... More

The Causal Closure of the Physical and Naturalism  

David Papineau

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Over the latter half of the last century English-speaking philosophy became increasingly committed to naturalistic doctrines. Much of this naturalistic turn can be attributed to the ... More

Cognition and the Brain  

Rick Grush and Lisa Damm

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The article explores the relationship between cognition and the brain. Some researches indicate that emotions provide information, anticipate future responses, influence reasoning strategy, ... More

Cognitive Science  

Martin Davies

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The so-called ‘cognitive revolution’ in American psychology owed much to developments in adjacent disciplines, especially theoretical linguistics and computer science. Indeed, the cognitive ... More

Complexities in the Evaluation of the Scientific Status of Psychoanalysis  

Morris N. Eagle

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter is primarily concerned with the scientific status of psychoanalysis as a theory of psychological functioning rather than as a form of treatment. It argues that certain ... More

Emergentism at the Crossroads of Philosophy, Neurotechnology, and the Enhancement Debate  

Eric Racine and Judy Illes

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the implications of emergentism for research in philosophy and neurotechnology and evaluates the capabilities of brain-machine interfaces (BMI) to enhance brain ... More

Evolutionary Psychology  

Ben Jeffares and Kim Sterelny

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The article presents several models of evolutionary psychology. Nativist evolutionary psychology is built around a most important insight that ordinary human decision-making has a high ... More

Experimental Philosophy  

Joshua Knobe

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The aim of the article is to review existing work in experimental philosophy. The experimental philosophy seeks to examine the phenomena that have been traditionally associated with ... More

fMRI: A Modern Cerebrascope? The Case of Pain  

Valerie Gray Hardcastle and C. Matthew Stewart

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the application of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in neuroscience, particularly in the imaging of pain. It provides a brief primer on functional magnetic ... More

Mental Causation  

Jaegwon Kim

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The problem of mental causation is essentially coeval with the mind–body problem. Descartes arguably invented the latter when, in Meditation 2, he asked ‘But what then am I?’ to which he ... More

Mental Causation  

Cei Maslen, Terry Horgan, and Helen Daly

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Mental causation is held so dear because it seems essential in order for people to do anything (at least voluntarily). If one accepts Davidson's view that motivating reasons are causes, ... More

Methodology and Reduction in the Behavioral Neurosciences: Object Exploration as a Case Study  

Anthony Chemero and Charles J. Heyser

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article looks at the research methodologies in behavioral neurosciences focusing on reductionism and object exploration procedures for rodents. It provides a brief description of ... More

Molecules, Systems, and Behavior: Another View of Memory Consolidation  

William Bechtel

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the behavioural aspects and the molecular and cellular processes in the brain associated with memory consolidation. It suggests that ruthless reduction and mechanistic ... More

Neuroanatomy and Cosmology  

Christopher Cherniak

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article aims to examine the possible relation between neuroanatomy and cosmology. It describes brain-wiring optimization and suggests that such extreme neural network organization is a ... More

Neuroethics: Neuroscience and Society  

Eric Racine and Veljko Dubljević

This article reviews different points of interest in neuroethics. These are exemplified by the three broad areas of neuroscience research—neuroimaging, neuropharmacology, and ... More

Non‐Reductive Materialism  

Lynne Rudder Baker

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The expression ‘non-reductive materialism’ refers to a variety of positions whose roots lie in attempts to solve the mind–body problem. Proponents of non-reductive materialism hold that the ... More

Perception and Space  

Jérôme Dokic

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Three views of the orientation of the perceptual field are discussed. According to the simple orientation view, the perceptual field itself is an absolute space, and the positions of ... More

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