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Mental Causation  

Jaegwon Kim

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The problem of mental causation is essentially coeval with the mind–body problem. Descartes arguably invented the latter when, in Meditation 2, he asked ‘But what then am I?’ to which he ... More

Mental Causation  

Cei Maslen, Terry Horgan, and Helen Daly

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Mental causation is held so dear because it seems essential in order for people to do anything (at least voluntarily). If one accepts Davidson's view that motivating reasons are causes, ... More

The Psychology of Causal Perception and Reasoning  

David Danks

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Causal beliefs and reasoning are deeply embedded in many parts of our cognition. We are clearly ‘causal cognizers’, as we easily and automatically (try to) learn the causal structure of the ... More

Sharpening the Electromagnetic Arrow(s) of Time  

John Earman

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
Time in electromagnetism shares many features with time in other physical theories. But there is one aspect of electromagnetism's relationship with time that has always been controversial, ... More

Space, Time, and Objects  

Rick Grush

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article outlines a unified information processing framework whose goal is to explain how the nervous system represents space, time, and objects. It explains the concept of the ... More

Supervenience, Emergence, Realization, Reduction  

Jaegwon Kim

Print publication date:
Sep 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Supervenience, emergence, realization, and reduction are among the concepts that have played—and continue to play—prominent roles in metaphysics during the last few decades and at the ... More

Temporal Experience  

Jenann Ismael

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
This chapter begins its analysis with a careful look at the specious present and then surveys many of the psychological temporal structures that arise in creatures like us. It also examines ... More

Time, Passage, And Immediate Experience  

Barry Dainton

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
The specious present is the claimed temporal breadth in the content of an experience at a particular time. One's experience has a stream-like aspect to it. But how can this be, this chapter ... More

What is Property Physicalism?  

Ansgar Beckermann

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Since the days of Democritus, Plato, and Aristotle the main concern of philosophers of mind has been whether there is an independent realm of the mental beyond the realm of the physical. ... More

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