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Bayesian Perceptual Psychology  

Michael Rescorla

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Contemporary perceptual psychology uses Bayesian decision theory to develop Helmholtz’s view that perception involves ‘unconscious inference’. The science provides mathematically rigorous, ... More

Bayesianism  

James M. Joyce

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article is concerned with Bayesian epistemology. Bayesianism claims to provide a unified theory of epistemic and practical rationality based on the principle of mathematical ... More

Darwinian Evolutionary Theory: Its Structure and Its Mechanism  

Michael Ruse

Print publication date:
Jul 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article starts when Charles Darwin published his great evolutionary work, “On the Origin of Species” which deals with artificial selection, i.e. the combination of traits and natural ... More

Decision Theory and Epistemology  

Mark Kaplan

Print publication date:
Oct 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article finds it characteristic of orthodox Bayesians to hold that for each person and each hypothesis it comprehends, there is a precise degree of confidence that person has in the ... More

Economic Rationality  

Paul. Weirich

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines three competing views entertained by economic theory about the instrumental rationality of decisions. The first says to maximize self-interest, the second to maximize ... More

Experimental Economics—A Philosophical Perspective  

Werner Güth and Hartmut Kliemt

The originally Hobbesian ideal of twentieth-century neoclassical economics as a discipline that studies human interaction “more geometrico” as a scenery of interactive rational decision ... More

Explanation and Epistemology  

William G. Lycan

Print publication date:
Oct 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article proposes that explanation and epistemology are related in at least three ways. First, “to explain something is an epistemic act and to have something explained is to learn.” ... More

Formal Epistemology  

Igor Douven and Jonah N. Schupbach

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Formal epistemology is a young but vibrant field of research in analytic philosophy characterized by both its matter and its method. The subject matter of this field is epistemology, the ... More

Hume on Space and Time  

Donald L.M. Baxter

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
For Hume, the ideas of space and of time are each a general idea of some indivisible objects arranged in a certain manner with additional qualities that make them conceivable to the mind. ... More

If Economics Is a Science, What Kind of a Science Is It?  

Alex Rosenberg

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
To begin with, economics has a paradigm, as plainly exhibited by the uniformity of its textbooks. It is a commonplace that unlike every other social and behavioral science, the introductory ... More

The Impact of Duhemian Principles on Social Science Testing and Progress  

Fred Chernoff

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article draws on several elements of Pierre Duhem's account of science to show issues of the cumulation of knowledge and scientific progress in the social sciences. It concentrates on ... More

Integrating the Dynamics of Multiscale Economic Agency  

Don Ross

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article is about the relationship between people, as modeled by the economist's concept of agency, and other entities modeled as agents in economics—in particular, sub-personal ... More

Measurement and Classical Regime in Quantum Mechanics  

Guido Bacciagaluppi

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This chapter provides an up-to-date discussion of work on two distinct problems in the foundations of quantum mechanics: the problem of the classical regime and the measurement problem. It ... More

Methodological Issues in Experimental Design and Interpretation  

Francesco Guala

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article is organized around two topics: the first one is the methodology of experimental economics, a research program that is becoming increasingly influential in contemporary ... More

The Miracle of the Septuagint and the Promise of Data Mining in Economics  

Stan du Plessis

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Data mining could compromise the believability of econometric models. And yet there might not be an alternative to data mining if economics is going to be an empirical science practiced ... More

Naturalism Reconsidered  

Alan Weir

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on naturalism. It makes one terminological distinction: between methodological naturalism and ontological naturalism. The methodological naturalist assumes there is a ... More

Perception and Space  

Jérôme Dokic

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Three views of the orientation of the perceptual field are discussed. According to the simple orientation view, the perceptual field itself is an absolute space, and the positions of ... More

Philosophy and the Practice of Bayesian Statistics in the Social Sciences  

Andrew Gelman and Cosma Rohilla Shalizi

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reports the perspective on the philosophy of Bayesian statistics, based on the idiosyncratic readings of the philosophical literature and, more importantly, the experiences ... More

Philosophy of Mathematics: Issues and Methods  

Stewart Shapiro

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article examines a number of issues and problems that motivate at least much of the literature in the philosophy of mathematics. It first considers how the philosophy of mathematics is ... More

Progress in Economics: Lessons from the Spectrum Auctions  

Anna Alexandrova and Robert Northcott

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins by surveying existing work on scientific models, with an eye to the specific case of economics. It reviews four accounts in particular—the satisfaction-of-assumptions ... More

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