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Accommodation  

David Beaver and Henk Zeevat

Print publication date:
Feb 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the complex and intricate problem of accommodation, which sits right at the linguistic interface between semantics and pragmatics. Accommodation is an inferential ... More

The Acquisition of Evidentiality  

Stanka A. Fitneva

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
How do children learn the evidential system of their language? The primary goal of this chapter is to summarize existing research on this topic. Its secondary goal is to position this ... More

The Adaptive Approach to Grammar  

Tom Givón

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The chapter interprets grammar (morpho-syntax) as an adaptive product of human evolution. It situates grammar within the rise of the two mega-functions of human language: cognitive ... More

Adjective Meaning and Scales  

Stephanie Solt

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
The topics of adjective meaning and scalarity offer a prime example of the benefits of experimental research in formal semantics. This chapter presents a series of case studies ... More

Aircraft Names  

Guy Puzey

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter covers examples of naming practices for aircraft types as well as for individual airframes, focusing on heavier-than-air aircraft, in other words machines intended to move ... More

Ambiguity And Vagueness In Legal Interpretation  

Ralf Poscher

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Few topics in the theory of language are as closely related to legal interpretation as the linguistic indeterminacy associated with ambiguity and vagueness. Significant portions of the ... More

Animal Names  

Katharina Leibring

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter discusses the names of domestic animals from both a diachronic and a synchronic point of view. The focus is on the names of production animals and of companion animals in ... More

Antecedent-Contained Deletion  

Kristen Syrett

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter introduces the linguistic phenomenon of Antecedent-Contained Deletion (ACD): a type of construction in which a site of Verb Phrase Ellipsis (VPE) is contained in the ... More

Arabic Linguistic Tradition II: Pragmatics  

Pierre Larcher

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article deals essentially with two topics. The first is rhetoric, as one of the two sectors of the basic core of the Arabic linguistic tradition. Since the tradition was not ... More

Astronomical Names  

Marc Alexander

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The study of astronomical naming practices sits at the intersection of astronomy and onomastics, and reveals much about scientific and general culture in both the historical background of, ... More

Bald-Faced Lies  

Jörg Meibauer

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Bald-faced lies are utterances that seem to lack the intent of the speaker to deceive the hearer, which is usually assumed in the definition of proper lying. Therefore, the so-called ... More

Bluffing  

Jennifer Perillo

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The chapter focuses on bluffing and discusses the distinctions between bluffing, lying, and bullshitting. The general purpose of bluffing is to gain advantage in the interaction by ... More

A Brief Sketch of the Historic Development of Pragmatics  

Jacob L. Mey

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
Pragmatics, the youngest linguistic discipline, has a venerable past: all the way from the Greek sophists through the medieval nominalists and nineteenth-century pragmatic thinkers to ... More

Bullshitting  

Andreas Stokke

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter provides an overview of reactions to Harry Frankfurt’s influential theory of bullshitting, addressing the four main features he ascribes to it, and considers some alternatives ... More

Bynames and Nicknames  

Eva Brylla

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter presents bynaming systems in the North and West Germanic areas. The terms byname and nickname are classified, with the former being used here as an inclusive term, and the ... More

Choosing a Name: How Name-Givers’ Feelings Influence Their Selections  

Cynthia Whissell

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This chapter discusses the ways in which the affect or emotion experienced by name-givers in response to stereotypes, to aesthetics, and to past, present, and potential future events in ... More

Clinical Pragmatics  

Louise Cummings

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
May 2013
Pragmatic disorders pose a barrier to effective communication in a significant number of children and adults. For nearly forty years, clinical investigators have attempted to characterize ... More

Cognitive Linguistics and Philosophy  

Peter Harder

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
How one sees the relationship between cognitive linguistics and philosophy depends on what one takes to be the role and nature of philosophy. The approach followed in this article is the ... More

Cognitive Pragmatics  

Bruno G. Bara

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
May 2016
Cognitive pragmatics focuses on the mental states and, to some extent, the mental correlates of the participants of a conversation. The analysis of the mental processes of human ... More

Commercial Names  

Paula Sjöblom

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The aim of this chapter is to present the internationally increasing research on commercial nomenclature and also the variable terminology used in different research traditions. Commercial ... More

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