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1919  

Jean-François Fayet

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
May 2013
Two years after the revolution in Russia, the social revolution was once again fermenting on the ruins of the empires defeated in the war. The First World War was turning into a civil war ... More

1956  

Sergey Radchenko

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
May 2013
This article explores the impact of de-Stalinization on the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and China. Writers, artists, and intellectuals welcomed the curtailment of repression—the so- ... More

America’s Cultural Revolution in Transnational Perspective  

Leora Auslander

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Through their successfully waged war and also by their novel political strategies, eighteenth-century North Americans seeking home rule made history. By systematically organizing around a ... More

Ancient Greek and Roman Sport  

Donald G. Kyle

Print publication date:
May 2017
Online publication date:
May 2017
To demonstrate the growth and sophistication of ancient sport studies, this chapter surveys Greek athletics and Roman spectacles from their origins to their overlap in the Roman Empire. It ... More

Artifacts and Their Functions  

A. W. Eaton

Print publication date:
Jun 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
How do artifacts get their functions? It is typically thought that an artifact’s function depends on its maker’s intentions. This chapter argues that this common understanding is fatally ... More

Asian American Education History  

Eileen H. Tamura

Print publication date:
Apr 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Because of the small field of educational history, the relatively small population of Asian American youths who grew up before 1970, and the nature of education being part of a larger ... More

Asian Immigration  

Madeline Hsu

Print publication date:
Aug 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Global patterns of labor markets, trade, international relations, and war have contributed to the complicated heterogeneity of Asian American populations and history. Although often coded ... More

Assimilation in the Past and Present  

Richard Alba

Print publication date:
Aug 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
The notion of assimilation by immigrant groups remains beset by conceptual confusion. An examination of the way that assimilation developed in the American past, especially in the period ... More

The Atlantic Northeast  

Neal Salisbury

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The Atlantic Northeast emerged as a distinctive region between the eleventh and fifteenth centuries. Its largest tribal groupings were the Abenaki, Mi’kmaq, Penobscot, and other Wabanaki ... More

The Atlantic World, the Senses, and the Arts  

David S. Shields

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In 1825, the father of gastronomy, Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, proposed that the perfection of the senses in Western history coincided with the European encounter with America. How ... More

Baseball’s Global Diffusion  

Rob Ruck

Print publication date:
May 2017
Online publication date:
May 2017
Baseball spread beyond US borders, taking hold in the Caribbean and parts of the Pacific, but never attained the global influence that British sport achieved. A. G. Spalding’s efforts to ... More

Boston Electric: Science by “Mail Order” and Bricolage at Colonial Harvard  

Sara J. Schechner

Print publication date:
Jun 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
Electricity was a new and developing field of research during the eighteenth century. With a focus on the experimental apparatus employed and the sociable exchange of ideas, this chapter ... More

Bourgeoisie  

Sarah Maza

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The concept of a group called “the bourgeoisie” is unusual in being both central to early modern and modern European history, and at the same time highly controversial. In old regime ... More

Case Study: Between the Raw and the Cooked in Oral History: Notes from the Kitchen  

Michael Frisch and Douglas Lambert

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
For a long time, oral history documents have been encountered and understood in two polar dimensions, not inaccurately described as “raw” and “cooked.” Considering oral history as primary ... More

The Changing Field of Sports History in Australasia  

Gary Osmond

Print publication date:
May 2017
Online publication date:
May 2017
This chapter focuses on sport historiography in Australia and New Zealand, with three broad aims: to survey historic and historiographic developments, to consider the historiographical ... More

Childhood and Adolescence  

Alysa Levene

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Childhood and youth have undergone a period of much more intensive scrutiny within the social history of medicine in the past few decades. This article discusses the significance of health ... More

Chronology and Time: Northern European Coastal Settlements and Societies, c. 500–1050  

Christopher Loveluck

Print publication date:
Jun 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
This chapter uses material culture, textual sources, and associated social practices to explore how cycles of time and memory influenced the development of coastal societies and their ... More

Cinema and the City  

Hannu Salmi

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
This article focuses on the role of cinema in imagining the city and its influence on urban lifestyles, city space, and future visions. It considers the regional differences and temporal ... More

Class and Slavery  

Jonathan Daniel Wells

Print publication date:
Jul 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews scholarship on class and slavery. The evolution of the historiography on class and slavery is complex, and historians have only recently begun to revisit some of their ... More

Class and Sport  

Lewis H. Siegelbaum and Sasu Siegelbaum

Print publication date:
May 2017
Online publication date:
May 2017
The history of sport can be considered an arena in which struggles over ways of doing things have worked themselves out, sometimes to the advantage of one class but occasionally to the ... More

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