Barbara Keys and Roland Burke
This chapter analyzes the status and conception of human rights during the Cold War. It suggests that attempts to define, codify, and protect human rights during the Cold War consisted of a series of discontinuities, intersections, and appropriations in which the area of contestation was the scope and content of the term itself. The chapter also discusses how the Cold War influenced different human rights projects, and explains how the eagerness of both the East and West to use human rights issues to wage the conflict raised the profile of human rights.
This chapter examines the issues of culture and ideology during the Cold War. It discusses the ongoing process of reproducing hegemonic knowledge and shows how modernity inflected Cold War policies, and continues to do so in our contemporary moment. The chapter contends that the staying power of ideologies is derived from their personification into binary, anthropomorphic figures, and that this is how an entire country could be depicted and acted upon as if it were a singular, developing human being. It also considers the issues concerning readiness for self-rule and the development of American exceptionalism.
Brenda Gayle Plummer
This chapter examines the issue of race during the Cold War. It contends that racism was part of a Cold War framework in which states marshaled ideological and political resources against the threat of dissolution and subversion from within as well as from without. The chapter suggests that racial consciousness served a dual purpose during the Cold War years. It explains that proponents of racial equality used democratic ideology to argue for the abandonment of all forms of discrimination while proponents of segregation used the Cold War to argue that altering time-honored usages endangered national security.