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Anatolian States  

Trevor Bryce

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores the history of state formation in the Anatolian States, focusing on the Hittite state, which it explains arose in north-central Anatolia early in the Late Bronze Age ... More

Ancient Near Eastern City-States  

Steven J. Garfinkle

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of the formation of city-states in the Fertile Crescent. It provides a working definition of city-state in both spatial and social terms, and describes ... More

Archives, Documents, and Legal Practices in the Greek Polis  

Michele Faraguna

Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter explores the importance of writing in the legal practices of the Greek poleis. After discussing writing materials and kinds of documents, illustrating the different functions ... More

The Athenian Reconciliation Agreement of 403 bce and its Legacy for Greek City-States in the Classical and Hellenistic Ages  

C. Joyce

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter surveys amnesty agreements throughout the Greek world in the Classical and Hellenistic ages and argues that in many the principle of political forgiveness was both important ... More

Bronze Age Greece  

John Bennet

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of state formation in ancient Greece during the Bronze Age, providing an overview of the nature of the Minoan states and the extent of control exercised ... More

Carthage  

Walter Ameling

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of state formation in Carthage, explaining that the history of the Carthaginian state is one with a changing constitution, with new institutions emerging ... More

Child and Parent in Roman Law  

Ville Vuolanto

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter concentrates on the issues in which the Roman jurisdiction of the Empire intervened in the relationships between parents and their (minor) children. It discusses the ownership ... More

Collegia and their Impact on the Constitutional Structure of the Roman State  

Jonathan S. Perry

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Focusing on a few key passages, derived principally from law codes and literary sources, this chapter sketches out the legal situation of collegia vis-à-vis “the state”. However, this ... More

Constitutional Law in the Greek World  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter discusses public law and the political institutions in the Greek poleis and other political units. The first part surveys modes of citizenship with a focus on political ... More

Contracts, Commerce and Roman Society  

Roberto Fiori

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The Roman law of contract has developed itself around the idea of obligation. At the beginning of its history, transactions were possibly differentiated only at an economical level, while ... More

Court Procedures and Arbitration  

Michael Gagarin

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Chapter 7 considers Demosthenes’ use of court procedures and the role played by arbitration, first by describing the early stage of a dispute. In particular, it examines pre-litigation ... More

Courts and the Judicial System  

Jill Harries

Print publication date:
Aug 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the courts and the judicial system of Roman Palestine. It takes note of the judicial diversity that existed during the time, and considers the Roman provincial ... More

Defining Gender  

Matthew J. Perry

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter examines how law contributed to the definition and establishment of gender in the Roman world, and ways that gender shaped the law. Lawmakers and jurists established distinct ... More

The Economic Structure of Roman Property Law  

Richard A. Epstein

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The Roman law system of property rights was developed incrementally, in reliance on natural law, without any reliance on economic analysis developed in the twentieth century. Nonetheless, ... More

Egypt  

Joseph G. Manning

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of, and the important factors that contributed to, state formation in ancient Egypt during the period from around 3500 BCE to the end of the Ptolemaic ... More

Egyptian Law, Saite to Roman Periods  

Sandra Lippert

Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This article treats the development of the Egyptian legal system from the Saite to the Roman period (664 BCE to about 150 CE). It addresses the much-disputed question of whether one can ... More

The Emperor, the Law and Imperial Administration  

Werner Eck

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The political space and administrative apparatus of the Imperial government were legally stipulated and enclosed. Politics and administration had to follow the rules of the ius publicum. ... More

Epigraphy  

Tommaso Begio

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter deals with the role of legal epigraphy within the study of Roman law and Roman society. After an introductory definition of this discipline, in which some of its peculiarities ... More

Family  

Suzanne Dixon

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The Roman family was defined at law as a unit controlled by the all-powerful pater familias, its membership determined by relationship through the male line (agnatio). Both formal law and ... More

Framing “Law and Society” in the Roman World  

Janne Pölönen

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Common interests in Roman law have brought Romanists and historians to a close and invaluable dialogue. Whether it is understanding law in a social context or society in light of law, ... More

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