Francesco Menotti and Aidan O'Sullivan
This chapter introduces the global phenomenon of people's interaction with the wetlands, spanning from the dawn of human kind to the present.
This chapter examines lake-dwellings in the Alpine region and their participation in long-distance trade, which linked various regions from central and northern Europe to the eastern Mediterranean, especially during the latter half of the second millennium
Richard Brunning and Conor McDermott
The archaeological survey and excavation of trackways, roads, and causeways through bogs and fens has formed a major part of the development of wetland archaeology in many European countries. Wooden trackways were recorded in bogs in many countries in the nineteenth century, but it is only in the last forty years that systematic fieldwork projects have been developed to record them. Wooden trackways provide a range of insights into past lives and landscapes; into the choices and decisions people took in deciding to lay a routeway into the bogs and fens. This chapter discusses trackway distribution and fieldwork in Europe; the character and purpose of trackways; trackways and ritual deposition; trackways and changing woodland landscapes; and trackway dating.