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Agency Design and Evolution  

Amy B. Zegart

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article describes the insights and limitations of rational choice institutionalism in political science. It then shows that organization theory offers insights into agency evolution ... More

Alliances, Military Basing, and Logistics  

Marc C. Vielledent

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The United States has long enjoyed an essentially unopposed ability to project power and sustain its security forces dispersed throughout the world. However, the uncertainty facing the ... More

America’s Foreign Policy Traditions  

Henry R. Nau

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
There are four standard American foreign policy traditions, and they have existed since the beginning of the republic. The traditions include isolationists/nationalists like George ... More

Budgeting for National Security  

Rodney Bent

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter explains basic concepts used by the executive branch and Congress in requesting and allocating federal budget resources for national security. It provides a context for ... More

Campaign Finance Policy in the State and City of New York  

Michael J. Malbin and Peter W. Brusoe

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article presents a brief summary of the major proposals for campaign finance policy in New York. New York's campaign finance laws have not changed substantially since Buckley. There ... More

Civil-Military Relations  

Risa Brooks

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Civil-military relations are fundamental to the fabric of American politics. Throughout the country’s history, relations among military institutions, the civilian leadership, and American ... More

Climate Change and Environmental Security  

Kathleen A. Mahoney-Norris and Derek S. Reveron

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
We now find an increasingly strong worldwide consensus that the phenomenon of climate change is real, fostered at least in part by human activities. This trend will have profound effects ... More

Congress and National Security  

Nina M. Serafino and Eleni G. Ekmektsioglou

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Congress may not be seen as a major player in U.S. national security, but it is congressional action that sets the foundation on which national security policy is constructed. ... More

The Congressional Budget Process  

John B. Gilmour

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
The congressional budget process is composed of a set of formal procedures and rules, including informal practices that structure the action of the United States Congress on budgetary ... More

The Consequences of Divided Government  

John J. Coleman and David C. W. Parker

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
May 2010
This article starts by asking: what is the nature of political parties in a system of separated powers? It then describes the most recent empirical manifestation of that debate: does party ... More

Criminal Justice Policy  

Garrick Percival

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter examines criminal justice policy in the U.S. states, discussing the important developments in knowledge in recent years, and outlining key areas for future research in this ... More

Development Assistance: Rationale and Applications  

John A. Simon and Michael W. Miller

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The Marshall Plan marked the beginning of modern foreign assistance, and from the very outset national security and foreign aid have been inextricably linked. Successful development ... More

Diplomacy, the State Department, and National Security  

John A. Cloud and Damian Leader

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter explains the history and role of diplomacy in advancing U.S. interests. The State Department is discussed as the primary actor in American diplomacy. The rise of multilateral ... More

Education Policy  

Paul Manna

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
This chapter explores education policy as a primary function of state and local government and examines the recent creep of national government into this policy jurisdiction. The author ... More

Encryption Wars: Who Should Yield?  

Amitai Etzioni

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
All societies face a constant tug of war between protecting individual rights and ensuring the needs of various common goods, especially public safety and homeland security. At any point ... More

The Environment in New York State  

Michael B. Gerrard and Claire H. Woods

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article explores the environmental policy in New York State. Science is significant as a driver of environmental policy, but public opinion is even more important. The story of the ... More

Environmental Policy  

Michael Jones, Elizabeth A. Shanahan, and Lisa J. Hammer

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
In this chapter the authors examine state and local environmental policy. They provide a brief historical but policy-centered background, which pays special attention to the role of ... More

Epilogue: Five Lessons for National Security Policymakers  

Stuart Eizenstat

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
A president is called to shape a foreign policy that both reflects America’s deepest values and serves its geopolitical interests. In doing so, a president has a range of options that can ... More

Has Governance Eclipsed Government?  

Laurence E. Lynn Jr.

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article investigates the emergence of governance as a contested concept within political science and public administration, describing its braided pathways to what is increasingly ... More

Health Care Politics and Policy  

Charles Barrilleaux

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Research on health politics and policy for the near future will be driven by immediate attention to the 2010 health reform bill and by a set of short-term issues that require immediate ... More

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