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A “Catholic Layman of German Nationality and Citizenship”?: Carl Schmitt and the Religiosity of Life  

Reinhard Mehring

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Carl Schmitt positioned his constitutional theory in the context of a “political theology” and referred to himself repeatedly as a Catholic. Schmitt scholarship has long pursued this ... More

Africa and the Contestation of Sexual and Gender Diversity: Imperial and Contemporary Regulation  

Monica Tabengwa and Matthew Waites

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2019
This chapter considers sexualities and genders in Africa by exploring the relationship between precolonial, colonial, and current forms of regulation. The field of research on sexual and ... More

Aiding the Poor in Present and Future Generations: Some Reflections on a Simple Model  

Nicole Hassoun

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Apr 2020
This chapter discusses and brings together two lines of research on global justice—the first on aiding the poor and the second on obligations to those in future generations. This is ... More

Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue: An Study in Moral Theory  

John R. Wallach

Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This essay discusses the contribution of Alasdair MacIntyre’s After Virtue (1981) to a generation of moral theory. Pitched as a critique of liberal individualism (e.g., Rawls), modernity ... More

Animal Work  

Jocelyne Porcher

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Although the presence of animals in our lives seems natural, it is not; it depends on work. But we don’t know what work means for a dog, a horse, or a cow. This chapter proposes a concept ... More

Animals as Legal Subjects  

Paul Waldau

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter contrasts the dominant sense of the phrase “animals as legal subjects,” which minimizes fundamental protections for nonhuman animals, with alternative senses of the same phrase ... More

Animals as Living Property  

David Favre

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
For all recorded history domestic animals have been considered objects within the legal system, classified as personal property, the primary focus being on what an owner can do with ... More

Animals as Scientific Objects  

Mike Michael

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
The chapter addresses the topic of animals as scientific objects by drawing on recent literature that emphasizes the heterogeneous construction—or eventuation—of the object. As such, the ... More

Animals as Sentient Commodities  

Rhoda Wilkie

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
A discrepancy exists between the legal and perceived status of livestock. Legally, food animals are property, but their thing-like status is unstable and does not determine how they are ... More

Animals in Religion  

Stephen R. L. Clark

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Both “animals” and “religion” are contentious concepts, with many possible meanings and associations. This chapter takes animals to be eukaryotes distinct from protists, plants and fungi, ... More

Beyond Belief?: The Rapid Expansion of Same-Sex Marriage  

Julie Hollar

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter analyzes the expansion of same-sex marriage around the world, its causes and its consequences. It argues that the domestic and transnational factors shaping a country’s ... More

Capabilities, Freedom, and Severe Poverty  

Thom Brooks

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Severe poverty is a key challenge for theorists of global justice. Most theorists have approached this issue primarily by developing accounts for understanding which kinds of duties have ... More

Carl Schmitt and Modernity  

Friedrich Balke

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
Carl Schmitt’s political and juridical thought is anchored in a specific diagnosis of modernity. He develops the concept of the political because of how the location and address of the ... More

Carl Schmitt and the Weimar Constitution  

Ulrich K. Preuß

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This chapter explores Carl Schmitt’s response as a political, legal, and constitutional theorist to the permanent crisis of the Weimar Republic during its short-lived existence between 1919 ... More

Carl Schmitt in Plettenberg  

Christian Linder

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
This chapter focuses on Carl Schmitt’s years in post–World War II Germany. After being released from the Nuremberg prison for war criminals, Schmitt returned to his birthplace, Plettenberg, ... More

Carl Schmitt’s Defense of Democracy  

William Rasch

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Carl Schmitt accommodated himself to the ascendency of democratic thinking in the post–World War I world of the 1920s. No sovereign authority, he argued, could fail to acknowledge “the ... More

Cetacean Cognition  

Lori Marino

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Cetacean cognition at the level of the individual is complex and highly sophisticated and shares a number of characteristics with human and other great ape cognitive features. At the same ... More

Climate Change Ethics and the Problem of End-State Solutions  

Thom Brooks

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Apr 2020
How best to response to climate change is one of the most pressing challenges facing us all. Proposed solutions come in one of two approaches. The first is conservationist, seeking to ... More

A Critical Theory of Transnational (In-)Justice: Realistic in the Right Way  

Rainer Forst

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Apr 2020
This chapter develops a critical theory of transnational justice. Its normative basis is a democratic conception of justice as justification grounded in a constructivist conception of ... More

Deliberation and Justice  

Stefan Rummens

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Discussions of the relationship between justice and democracy are generally premised on the assumption that they are two different things, only contingently and externally related. As a ... More

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