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Administration of Trade Policy  

Alfred E. Eckes

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article deals with the administration of trade policy. It examines the individuals, ideas, and institutions that shape the trade regulation process. It focuses on the rules-based ... More

Agriculture  

Tim Josling

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article attempts to provide in a succinct way a road map for those wandering into the territory of agricultural policy and trade. It begins with a brief discussion of the linkages ... More

ASEAN Economic Integration: Driven by Markets, Bureaucrats, or Both?  

Hal Hill and Jayant Menon

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article aims to provide a stand-alone introduction to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) economies, and traces ASEAN's evolution with a focus on its programs of ... More

Australian Commercial Policies  

Peter Lloyd

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews commercial policies in Australia, examining both long-term trends and recent developments. Australia is fortunate in having time series that are long and of excellent ... More

Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985–2010  

Masahiro Kawai and Shujiro Urata

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the changing nature of Japan's commercial policy over the last twenty-five years. The article is organized as follows. Section 2 reviews the changing structures of ... More

Commercial Policy and Experience in the Giants: China and India  

Ganeshan Wignaraja

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the link between commercial policies and export performance through a comparative analysis of China and India. The article is organized as follows. Section I looks at ... More

Does Asia Matter? The Political Economy of Latin America’s International Relations  

Barbara Stallings

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article studies the political economy of East Asia in Latin America. It examines what some consider the current Chinese threat in light of the Japanese experience in Latin America two ... More

The Effects of Trade Liberalization on Growth, Employment, and Wages  

Eduardo Lora

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter examines the effects on growth, employment, and wages of the trade-liberalization policies pursued in Latin America between the late 1980s and the late 1990s, starting with a ... More

The European Community Commercial Policy  

Patrick A. Messerlin

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The European Community (EC) is still a recent and ongoing process. Fifty years is a short time span for such an endeavor. It is strictly an economic process because a straightforward ... More

The European Transition Economies  

Torbjörn Becker and Anders Fredriksson

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses trade policy in the European Transition Economies. The countries covered are the Eastern European countries that became independent in 1989, the new nations formed by ... More

Exchange Rate Regimes in Latin America  

Roberto Frenkel and Martín Rapetti

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter looks at how Latin American governments chose their exchange rate regimes given specific domestic and external conditions. The second section provides a historical overview of ... More

Free Trade and Its Alternatives  

Sven W. Arndt

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article begins by reviewing the basic case for free trade in terms of the workhorse factor-proportions model. The conclusions of this “benchmark” model are then stress-tested by ... More

Global and Regional Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1990–2010  

Juan Blyde, Antoni Estevadeordal, and Mauricio Mesquita Moreira

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article takes a close look at the policy challenges related to closing Latin America and the Caribbean's (LAC) integration gap, with a focus on regional integration. The article is ... More

The International Trading System and Its Future  

Rachel McCulloch

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the international trading system. Section 1 begins by describing the evolution and structure of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization ... More

Latin America in the World Trade System  

Diana Tussie

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter notes that a strong focus of the development literature has been on the role of the trade policy regime in growth, and more broadly on the link between liberalization and ... More

Regional Integration  

Paolo Giordano and Robert Devlin

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter schematically presents the origin, development, and future perspectives of regional integration in Latin America, placing emphasis on regional integration agreements, mainly ... More

The Rules-Based Trading System  

Cristiane Carneiro and Gary Clyde Hufbauer

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Since times immemorial, international commerce has been celebrated as a fountain of prosperity. Trade flourished long before trade regulations ever came into being. The subsequent creation ... More

Trade Liberalization in a Small Open Economy: The Case of Israel  

Michael Michaely

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article traces the fifty-year process of trade liberalization in a small open economy, Israel. By the year 2000, that process was completed, and the country is free of trade ... More

Transparency in International Trade Policy  

Michael G. Plummer and Alissa Tafti

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This chapter focuses on transparency in the context of trade policy. It begins by considering the issue of “policy transparency” and the implications of improved transparency on ... More

U.S. Trade Policy since 1934: An Uneven Path toward Greater Trade Liberalization  

Robert E. Baldwin

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes various U.S. legislative and executive branch actions over the last 75 years that have produced the reduction in protectionism and explores the underlying economic ... More

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