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Adult Weight and Height of Native Populations  

Asher Rosinger and Ricardo Godoy

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Weight and height are critical indicators of short- and long-term human nutrition and health. This chapter reviews secular trends of weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) from studies ... More

Biological Measures of Well-Being  

Richard H. Steckel

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Beginning with Bismarck’s Germany in the late 19th century, nations gave increasing attention to measures of well-being while traveling the path to welfare states of the 20th century. ... More

Biomarkers as Inputs  

Steven Lehrer

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This chapter provides an overview of research primarily within the discipline of economics that empirically examines how biomarkers influences specific health and socioeconomic outcomes. ... More

Birth Weight as an Indicator of Human Welfare  

W. Peter Ward

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Birth weight is a biometric measure of well-being widely used as an infant health indicator. It also offers insights into maternal and population health more generally. The most common ... More

The Causes and Consequences of Increased Female Education and Labor Force Participation in Developing Countries  

Rachel Heath and Seema Jayachandran

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Two important recent trends in most developing countries are the rise in female labor force participation and the closing of gender gaps in school enrollment. This article begins by ... More

Children’s Anthropometrics and Later Disease Incidence  

Karri Silventoinen

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
Anthropometric measures in childhood predict the risk of metabolic diseases decades later. Low birthweight and short stature are associated with higher incidence of cardiovascular diseases ... More

Crisis and Human Biology  

Prashant Bharadwaj and Tom Vogl

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This chapter reviews the literature on the effects of aggregate crises on human biological outcomes. The crises considered are acute, severe, and unexpected negative events occurring at ... More

Demographic Transformation and Economic Inequality  

Gary Burtless

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article assesses the impact of changing demography on inequality and poverty. Section 2 considers how household living arrangements affect personal economic well-being and its ... More

The Double Burden of Malnutrition  

Susan L. Averett and Yang Wang

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
In this chapter, the authors explore the double burden of malnutrition. Although undernutrition remains a pressing issue in developing countries, for many developing nations obesity rates ... More

Education and Inequality  

Stephen Machin

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on education acquisition and inequality, the impact of education on economic and social outcomes and on how changes in education, together with the pattern of demand ... More

Family Economics and Obesity  

Sven E. Wilson

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Obesity deserves attention by economists because it has moved to the forefront of public health concerns worldwide and because it is a health condition that defies the general economic ... More

Fertility Issues and Policy in Developing Countries  

Claus C. Pörtner

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Fertility in most developing countries has declined substantially and is in many places now close to replacement level. Despite the large reductions, there are still important outstanding ... More

Global BMI Trends  

Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Anja Moss, and Martin Wabitsch

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter reviews the current prevalence of overweight and obesity and trends over time in body mass index (BMI) and in the distribution of BMI worldwide. During the past three decades, ... More

Global Perspectives on Economics and Biology  

Nicholas J. Meinzer and Joerg Baten

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This chapter traces global trends in physical stature from the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution to modern times. Major cycles in nutritional status and the biological standard of living ... More

Growth and Maturation of Children and Adolescents: Variability Due to Genetic and Environmental Factors  

Alan D. Rogol

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Normal growth of a child or adolescent likely indicates his or her good general health and well-being. However, there is great variability in the heights and weights that are within the ... More

Growth Faltering in the First Thousand Days after Conception and Catch-up Growth  

Jere Behrman

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
Early-life growth faltering is widespread: approximately170 million children under 5 years old are stunted. Growth faltering in the first thousand days (FTD) after conception is associated ... More

Health and Economic Inequality  

Andrew Leigh, Christopher Jencks, and Timothy M. Smeeding

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article deals with the relationship between economic inequality and health. It first reviews the most common hypotheses about how inequality might affect health and vice versa. It ... More

Health, Body Weight, and Obesity  

Darius N. Lakdawalla and Julian Reif

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The rise in obesity has generated enormous concern among policy makers and the general public. Economists have focused on explaining the causes of this rise, along with the attendant ... More

Height and Wages  

Olaf Hübler

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter discusses the relationship between height and wages under a theoretical and empirical perspective. Many channels explain why height and wage are positively correlated. A major ... More

Higher Education Reform and Access to College in Russia  

Michael W. Kaganovich

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The combination of high achievement in all measures of educational attainment with laggard levels of labor productivity is a peculiar legacy of post-Soviet Russia that has given the ... More

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