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Agricultural and Rural Development  

Salomón Salcedo, Fernando Soto-Baquero, José Graziano Da Silva, Rodrigo Castañeda Sepúlveda, and Sergio Gómez Echenique

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Structural reforms implemented at both the macroeconomic and sector levels beginning in the 1980s played a fundamental role in the formation of Latin America's heterogeneous agricultural ... More

Agriculture, Growth, and Development in Africa: Theory and Practice  

Ousmane Badiane and Tsitsi Makombe

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter reviews the evolution of development theory and practice, the role of agriculture therein, and the pace of structural transformation in Africa over the last 50 years. The ... More

Brazil’s Agricultural Modernization and Embrapa  

Geraldo B. Martha Jr. and Eliseu Alves

Brazilian agriculture reinvented itself by targeting a science-based approach. Embrapa, the research arm of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, is recognized as key in this process. A ... More

Climate-Friendly Technological Change for Developing Countries  

David Popp

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
May 2015
This chapter reviews the literature on climate-friendly technological change, with a focus on lessons relevant to developing countries. I begin by discussing the sources of environmental ... More

Curse or Blessing? Natural Resources and Human Development  

José Gregorio Pineda and Francisco Rodríguez

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter argues against a natural resource curse not only with respect to GDP growth but most importantly for other dimensions of human development. It shows that changes of human ... More

Development Patterns in China and India: Perspective with A Ces Production Function  

Kamhon Kan and Yong Wang

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article builds on the voluminous India-China literature, which still lacks a theoretical framework to understand India's and China's growth patterns. This article builds a simple ... More

Domestic Financial Sector Reforms  

Subhashis Gangopadhyay and S. K. Shanthi

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses domestic financial sector reforms in India since 1991. It discusses banking sector reforms at length and argues that although Indian financial markets have increased ... More

Environmental and Climate Change Issues in Africa  

Tomonori Sudo

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Africa’s environmental capital is an asset for African people. However, Africa’s ecological footprint is increasing and is close to exceeding the continent’s biocapacity. Therefore, ... More

Food Security Policy in Developing Countries  

Awudu Abdulai and Christian Kuhlgatz

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews the concept of food security and the various approaches developing countries have used to promote food security in their countries. The discussion therefore involves ... More

Gold Mining and Economic and Social Change in West Africa  

Michael Kevane

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Economic theory often suggests that social institutions are strongly influenced by specific geographic features of regions. The history of gold mining in West Africa, however, suggests ... More

Land Tenure and Agricultural Intensification in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Keijiro Otsuka and Frank Place

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Owing to increasing population pressure on limited cultivable land in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), farm size has been shrinking, fallow periods have been shortened, and soil ... More

Land Use and Sustainable Economic Development: Developing World  

Edward B. Barbier

Print publication date:
Jul 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
In developing economies, cropland area has continued to expand at the expense of forests, wetlands, and other natural areas. Much of the rural poor—who are growing in number—are ... More

Natural Resources in Africa: Utilizing the Precious Boon  

Ibrahim Ahmed Elbadawi and Nadir Abdellatif Mohammed

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
African resource-rich developing countries (RRDCs) can avoid the resource curse by strengthening political accountability and effective management of the resource rents. The roadmap for ... More

Natural Resources in Africa: Precious Boon or Precious Bane?  

Ibrahim Ahmed Elbadawi and Nadir Abdellatif Mohammed

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Empirical studies and international experiences of resource-rich developing counties (RRDCs) point to a resource bane rather than a boon. Most countries have failed to effectively deploy ... More

The Recent Commodity Price Boom and Latin American Growth: More than New Bottles for an Old Wine?  

Edmar L. Bacha and Albert Fishlow

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter notes that commodity exports were a continuing subject of attention and concern well before the contributions of Raul Prebisch and Hans Singer in the postwar period. Countries ... More

Rediscovering Structural Change: Manufacturing, Natural Resources, and Industrialization  

John Page

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter examines the role of industrialization, including economic activities such as manufacturing, in Africa’s structural transformation. It begins by providing an overview of the ... More

Russia’s Dependence on Resources  

Clifford G. Gaddy and Barry W. Ickes

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
We study the role of resource dependence in Russia. Russia is the world’s leading producer of hydrocarbons and a number of other natural resources. Russia has been dependent on its ... More

Russian Agriculture and Transition  

Zvi Lerman and David Sedik

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
This chapter discusses transition policies that led to privatization of land ownership and individualization of agricultural production, with associated changes in farming structure and ... More

The Russian Natural Gas Sector  

Arild Moe and Valeriy A. Kryukov

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The institutional structure of the natural gas sector evolved from natural conditions and the principles of the centrally planned economy. The industry was transformed to one company in ... More

The Russian Oil Sector  

Arild Moe and Valeriy A. Kryukov

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
This chapter analyzes the development of the Russian oil sector with a particular view to dynamics between resource base, institutions and regulations, and the industry structure as it has ... More

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