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Acquiring and Maintaining Expertise in Aging Populations  

Dan Morrow and Renato F. L. Azevedo

Print publication date:
Nov 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2018
This chapter reviews literature related to relationships between expertise and aging. It first considers how experts excel on domain-relevant tasks despite cognitive limitations and how ... More

Adoption: Forms, Functions, and Preferences  

Anthony A. Volk

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
A significant body of literature has examined human families from an evolutionary perspective. Another significant body of literature has examined adoptive families. Unfortunately, these ... More

Attachment Processes and the Social/Developmental Bases of Hope  

Hal Shorey, Steven Bisgaier, and Scott Thien

Print publication date:
Feb 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Theory and research support a developmental model of hope, wherein hope is formed in the context of secure attachment to supportive parents in childhood. This chapter reviews the literature ... More

Band of Brothers or Band of Siblings?: An Evolutionary Perspective on Sexual Integration of Combat Forces  

Kingsley R. Browne

Print publication date:
Jul 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Sexual integration of combat forces presents underappreciated challenges. Sex differences in physical capacity remain important in modern warfare, and the sexes also differ in ... More

Chastity, Fidelity, and Conquest: Biblical Rules for Women and War  

John Hartung

Print publication date:
Jul 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Bible instructs men to take a proactive approach to their problem with paternity – the possibility that a man's putative child may be another man's genetic offspring – by stoning brides ... More

Childhood Socialization and Academic Performance of Bicultural Youth  

Jayanthi Mistry, Mariah Contreras, and Elizabeth Pufall-Jones

Print publication date:
Jul 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
In this chapter we synthesize extant scholarship and research to delineate the unique or specific socialization processes that are theorized as facilitating academic performance of ... More

Children and Nature  

Olin Eugene Myers Jr.

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This chapter summarizes current knowledge about children’s relationships to nature. While nature has always been part of childhood, concern about whether it will retain its traditional ... More

Cognitive Development in the Emerging Adult: The Emergence of Complex Cognitive Skills  

Patricia M. King and Karen Strohm Kitchener

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This chapter examines cognitive development in emerging adulthood by focusing on two concepts: cognitive complexity and development. More specifically, it explores how complex cognitive ... More

Cooperation and Conflict in the Light of Kin Recognition Systems  

Daniel Brian Krupp, Lisa M. DeBruine, and Benedict C. Jones

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Genetic relatedness is central to the problems of social evolution. Whenever individuals interact nonrandomly with respect to genotype, their actions may have indirect fitness consequences. ... More

Culture-Inclusive Action Theory: Action Theory in Dialectics and Dialectics in Action Theory  

Lutz H. Eckensberger

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The following chapter deals with the concept of Culture-Inclusive Action Theory (CIAT) and research the author and his coworkers conducted primarily in Saarbrücken (and later in Frankfurt) ... More

The Development of Conservation Behaviors in Childhood and Youth  

Louise Chawla and Victoria Derr

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
With a focus on childhood and adolescence, this chapter seeks to understand how people come to act responsibly on behalf of the environment. It begins with a brief overview of selected ... More

Do Everyday Affective Experiences Differ Throughout Adulthood?: A Review of Ambulatory-Assessment Evidence  

Michaela Riediger and Antje Rauers

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Do adults from different age groups vary in the intensity or the variability of their everyday affective experiences? Are there age-related differences in the likelihood of encountering, ... More

Dual and Communal Parenting: Implications in Young Adulthood  

Heidi Keller

Print publication date:
Apr 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Parenting can be understood as the transmission of cultural norms and values that are adapted to particular environmental conditions. Thus, parenting merges biological predispositions with ... More

The Dynamics of Cognitive-Emotional Integration: Complexity and Hedonics in Emotional Development  

Gisela Labouvie-Vief, Anne-Laure Gilet, and Nathalie Mella

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
In this chapter, we discuss Fredda Blanchard-Fields’ important contribution to the understanding of emotional regulation in later life by relating it to a recent cognitive-developmental ... More

The Effects of Age on Memory for Socioemotional Material: An Affective Neuroscience Perspective  

Elizabeth A. Kensinger, Eric Allard, and Anne C. Krendl

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
Many of the benefits conveyed to memory by socioemotional processing are preserved even as adults age. Like young adults, older adults are more likely to remember emotional information than ... More

Emerging Adulthood: Developmental Stage, Theory, or Nonsense?  

Moin Syed

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Arnett’s (2000) theory of emerging adulthood has been both widely celebrated and strongly criticized. However, it has not yet been closely scrutinized for what it claims to be: “a new ... More

Emerging Adulthood Brain Development  

Bradley Taber-Thomas and Koraly Pérez-Edgar

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Emerging adulthood (EA) is marked by a prolonged developmental transition to adulthood, dynamic personal and environmental circumstances, and unique patterns of vulnerability to ... More

Emerging Adulthood Theory and Social Class  

Manuela du Bois-Reymond

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2015
Emerging adulthood theory (EAT) has gained wide support in the social sciences over the past 15 years despite critical comments also being voiced. This contribution positions EAT within the ... More

Emerging Adults and Work: A Model of Phase-Adequate Engagement  

Julia Dietrich and Katariina Salmela-Aro

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
The transition from education to work is a key developmental task of emerging adulthood. In this chapter, the authors approach this transition from an engagement perspective, presenting a ... More

Epigenetics and Social Behavior  

James P. Morris and Jessica J. Connelly

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Every cell within a given organism contains the same DNA blueprint; in the case of humans, this means that the same DNA code can give rise to hundreds of different cell types with very ... More

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