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Abnormal Psychology  

Paige H. Fisher, Susan Nolan, and Magdalena Galazyn

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
This chapter offers recommendations, evidence-based when possible, on teaching abnormal psychology in an effective and engaging manner. In the first section, we address issues related to ... More

Adherence and Health Behavior Change in the Context of Mental Health Challenges  

Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek and Summer L. Williams

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter outlines the ways in which depression and other mental health issues influence adherence and health-behavior change. Patient adherence and health-behavior change are defined ... More

Adolescent Substance Use and Co-Occurring Disorders  

Jeffrey J. Wilson and Megan Janoff

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2016
Adolescents with substance use disorders (SUDs) have the highest proportion of co-occurring psychiatric disorders (CODs) compared to other age cohorts. Externalizing psychiatric disorders, ... More

Adult Attachment Security: The Relational Scaffolding of Positive Psychology  

Frederick G. Lopez

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
For over three decades, attachment theory has served as a versatile and generative framework for studying how the dynamics of close, enduring emotional bonds with others (i.e., ... More

Adult Psychosocial Adjustment to Visible Differences: Physical and Psychological Predictors of Variation  

Timothy P. Moss and Ben Rosser

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article gives an overview of some of the candidate theories put forward to explain individual differences in adjustment to appearance problems. It first considers the most intuitive explanations ... More

Aging Well in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities  

Gail M. Williamson and Juliette Christie

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Contrary to popular belief, the majority of adults over the age of 65 are physically and psychologically healthy. They are not cognitively deficient, socially isolated, or lonely, nor do ... More

Appearance and Exercise  

James Byron-Daniel

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article examines the relationship between body image and exercise, as an example of the consequences that appearance concerns can have on lifestyle and health behaviours. Research into the ... More

Appearance and Society  

Hannah Frith

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article explores a number of examples of how appearance and the reading about it operate to produce class-based divisions and the different emotional registers which are used to do so. First it ... More

Appearance Concerns, Dietary Restriction, and Disordered Eating  

Victoria Lawson

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article considers the following: appearance concerns and perceptions of body size in people without a diagnosed eating disorder; the challenges to both psychological and physical health posed by ... More

Appearance in Adulthood  

Marika Tiggemann and Julie Slevec

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article reviews the findings from empirical research with adults older than the typical university student. Two major research questions are addressed. First, are there age changes in appearance ... More

Appearance in Childhood and Adolescence  

Linda Smolak

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article describes the development of appearance preferences during childhood and adolescence; identifies influences on the development of these preferences; considers the effects of these ... More

Appearance in Later Life  

Lucie Baker and Eyal Gringart

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article reports on a four-year study (2007–2010) in which an integrative model of body image and a quantitative measure was developed with which body image satisfaction in older adulthood was ... More

The Art of Medical Information Exchange  

Claude Richard and Marie-Thérèse Lussier

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The clinical settings in which physicians and other healthcare providers must apply their scientific knowledge and technical expertise are diverse and require further adaptive capacities ... More

Attachment Orientations and Reactions to Ostracism in Close Relationships and Groups  

Phillip R. Shaver and Mario Mikulincer

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
Attachment theory is one of the most useful contemporary conceptual frameworks for understanding emotion regulation and mental health. In his exposition of attachment theory, John Bowlby explained ... More

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and the Challenges of Social Exclusion  

Amori Yee Mikami

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent diagnosis among school-age children and symptoms frequently persist into adolescence and adulthood. This chapter describes the high ... More

Attentional Retraining for Anxiety  

Norman B. Schmidt

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
Cognitive models of psychopathology, particularly disorders involving anxiety symptoms, emphasize information processing biases in their development and maintenance. Research has consistently shown ... More

Axis I Disorders  

R. Michael Bagby, Amanda Uliaszek, Tara M. Gralnick, and Nadia Al-Dajani

Print publication date:
May 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2016
The purpose of this chapter is to summarize and discuss the complex relationship between Five Factor Model (FFM) personality traits and clinical (Axis I) psychopathology, including ... More

Barriers and Keys to Treatment Adherence and Health Behavior Change  

Leslie R. Martin

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Nonadherence represents a significant challenge not only to personal health and well-being but also to the health-care system as a whole. The Information-Motivation-Strategy model, which ... More

Behavioral Mimicry as an Affiliative Response to Social Exclusion  

Jessica L. Lakin and Tanya L. Chartrand

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
The nonconscious behavioral mimicry and social exclusion literatures are merged to explore whether mimicking the behaviors of others could be a possible affiliative behavior that follows social ... More

Belonging Regulation through the Use of (Para)social Surrogates  

Megan L. Knowles

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
If belonging is a fundamental human need, then social exclusion should motivate reconnection or another means of fulfilling one’s belonging needs. Consistent with this premise, research reveals that ... More

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