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Adherence and Health Behavior Change in the Context of Mental Health Challenges  

Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek and Summer L. Williams

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter outlines the ways in which depression and other mental health issues influence adherence and health-behavior change. Patient adherence and health-behavior change are defined ... More

Affective Reactions as Mediators of the Relationship Between Stigma and Health  

Wendy Berry Mendes and Keely A. Muscatell

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter provides an overview of how emotions can contribute to poorer health among stigmatized populations. First, it describes some of the primary affective responses that stigmatized ... More

Affiliation and Stress  

Shelley E. Taylor

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Affiliation with others is a basic human coping response for managing a broad array of stressful circumstances. Affiliating with others is both psychologically and biologically comforting, ... More

The Art of Medical Information Exchange  

Claude Richard and Marie-Thérèse Lussier

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The clinical settings in which physicians and other healthcare providers must apply their scientific knowledge and technical expertise are diverse and require further adaptive capacities on ... More

The Association Between Measures of Inflammation and Psychological Factors Associated with an Increased Risk of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: Hostility, Anger and Depressed Mood and Symptoms  

Edward C. Suarez

Print publication date:
Jul 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Inflammation is acknowledged as a risk factor for the onset and development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This has led some to hypothesize that inflammation is a possible mechanism that ... More

The Associations Between Positive Affect and Health: Findings and Future Directions  

John F. Hunter, Marie P. Cross, and Sarah D. Pressman

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
We present a wide array of evidence that suggests that the presence of positive affect (PA) may be associated with a variety of health outcomes. Current evidence indicates that PA is ... More

Barriers and Keys to Treatment Adherence and Health Behavior Change  

Leslie R. Martin

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Nonadherence represents a significant challenge not only to personal health and well-being but also to the health-care system as a whole. The Information-Motivation-Strategy model, which ... More

Benefit-Finding and Sense-Making in Chronic Illness  

Kenneth I. Pakenham

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In this chapter I will discuss the theoretical origins of benefit-finding and sense-making. In particular, proposals as to how these two meaning-making processes might fit into the stress ... More

Beyond the Dyad: Communication in Triadic (and more) Medical Encounters  

Michele G. Greene and Ronald D. Adelman

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter focuses on how communication is affected when, in addition to the physician and the patient, there is another individual present during the interaction. Although it is ... More

Biculturalism: Negotiating Multiple Cultural Streams  

Seth J. Schwartz, Dina Birman, Verónica Benet-Martínez, and Jennifer Unger

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This chapter reviews the construct of biculturalism, focusing on individuals with multiple cultural backgrounds. The chapter focuses on biculturalism as a heterogeneous label, and it covers ... More

Biopsychosocial Mechanisms Linking Discrimination to Health: A Focus on Social Cognition  

Elizabeth Brondolo, Irene V. Blair, and Amandeep Kaur

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter presents a theoretical framework that highlights the role of social cognition in mediating the effects of discrimination on health. This framework suggests that through ... More

Body Image and Identity: A Call for New Research  

Elizabeth A. Daniels and Meghan M. Gillen

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
Despite the central importance of satisfaction with one’s physical appearance to overall psychological well-being, very little research has investigated how body image is related to ... More

Boundary Conditions for Emotional Well-Being in Aging: The Importance of Daily Stress  

Martin J. Sliwinski and Stacey Scott

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
Understanding the limits on age-graded improvements or stability in emotional well-being may provide insights into the mechanisms that drive health-related individual differences in ... More

Commitment to Change: An Examination of the Maintenance of Health-Behavior Changes  

Kristin P. Beals and Janella M. Godoy

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Volumes of research and countless models have examined how people decide to make a health-behavior change. This chapter is focused on what happens after the decision to change is made. Do ... More

Comorbidity of Social Anxiety Disorder and Depression  

Julia K. Langer and Thomas L. Rodebaugh

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are prevalent disorders that exhibit a high rate of co-occurrence. Furthermore, these disorders have been shown to be ... More

Comparative Psychoneuroimmunology/Ecoimmunology: Lessons from Simpler Model Systems  

Shelley A. Adamo

Print publication date:
Jul 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Immune-behavioral interactions are widespread throughout the animal kingdom. For example, decreased feeding after immune activation is common in animals. Work with insects suggests that ... More

Conservation of Resources Theory: Its Implication for Stress, Health, and Resilience  

Stevan E. Hobfoll

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Conservation of resources (COR) theory has become one of the two leading theories of stress and trauma in the past 20 years, along with the pioneering theory of Lazarus and Folkman (1984). ... More

Coping Interventions and the Regulation of Positive Affect  

Judith Tedlie Moskowitz

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Research in the past few decades has demonstrated that positive affect co-occurs with negative affect in the context of stressful life events, has unique beneficial consequences, and may be ... More

Coping with Bereavement  

Margaret S. Stroebe

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Although bereavement is a normal part of life, it is associated with detrimental mental and physical health consequences and is thus an important topic in the context of stress, coping, and ... More

Coping, Spirituality, and Health in HIV  

Gail Ironson and Heidemarie Kremer

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Although the medical treatment of HIV has improved dramatically since the introduction of effective antiretroviral treatment, people with HIV still face an enormous number of stressors. ... More

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