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Acceptance and Commitment Therapy with Dementia Care-Givers  

María Oliva Márquez-González, Andrés Losada, and Rosa Romero-Moreno

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
Dementia caregiving is associated with negative physical and psychological health consequences. Multicomponent, behavioural, and psychotherapeutic interventions for reducing caregivers’ ... More

Acculturation and Alcohol Use Among Hispanic and Asian American College Students: What Do We Know and Where Could We Go?  

Byron L. Zamboanga, Cara C. Tomaso, and P. Priscilla Lui

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Many college students, are susceptible to alcohol use and related problems, including Hispanic and Asian Americans. A potential factor contributing to this risk is acculturation, which can ... More

Acculturation and Physical Activity Among Latinos  

Ana F. Abraído-Lanza, Karen R. Flórez, and Rachel C. Shelton

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2016
Despite the many health benefits of physical activity (PA), the majority of Latinos do not meet recommended levels of PA. This chapter provides an overview of research on acculturation and ... More

Adherence and Health Behavior Change in the Context of Mental Health Challenges  

Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek and Summer L. Williams

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter outlines the ways in which depression and other mental health issues influence adherence and health-behavior change. Patient adherence and health-behavior change are defined ... More

Adjustment to Chronic Illness and Disabilities: Theoretical Perspectives, Empirical Findings, and Unresolved Issues  

Hanoch Livneh and Erin Martz

Print publication date:
Jul 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Chronic illnesses and disabilities (CID) are integral parts of life, and their likelihood of occurrence increases with one's age. The experience of CID invariably necessitates personal ... More

Adolescent Alcohol Use  

Tammy Chung and Kristina M. Jackson

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Alcohol is the substance most commonly used by youth. Problematic alcohol use can be considered a developmental disorder, which typically has its origins in an individual’s genetic ... More

Adolescent Cultural Contexts for Substance Use: Intergroup Dynamics, Family Processes, and Neighborhood Risks  

Seth J. Schwartz, Sabrina E. Des Rosiers, Jennifer Unger, and José Szapocznik

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter reviews the role of cultural processes in substance use and other health problems among adolescents. The chapter focuses on Hispanics because of their status as both a ... More

Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorders  

Kenneth J. Sher, Julia A. Martinez, and Andrew K. Littlefield

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Alcohol use disorders (AUDs), alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence, are among the most prevalent mental disorders in the United States and elsewhere. Controversy exists with respect to the ... More

Anxiety and Stress During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period  

Stephen Matthey

Print publication date:
Apr 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter provides an overview of the research into anxiety, stress, and worry during the perinatal period. It provides information on rates of disorders and of high levels of anxiety ... More

Aphasia Syndromes: Introduction and Value in Clinical Practice  

Anastasia M. Raymer and Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Neurologic damage affecting the left cerebral hemisphere leads to impairments in comprehension and expression of language in the verbal modality (aphasia) and in the written modality ... More

The Art of Medical Information Exchange  

Claude Richard and Marie-Thérèse Lussier

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The clinical settings in which physicians and other healthcare providers must apply their scientific knowledge and technical expertise are diverse and require further adaptive capacities ... More

Barriers and Keys to Treatment Adherence and Health Behavior Change  

Leslie R. Martin

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Nonadherence represents a significant challenge not only to personal health and well-being but also to the health-care system as a whole. The Information-Motivation-Strategy model, which ... More

Behavioral Interventions in Public Health Settings: Physical Activity, Weight Loss, and Smoking  

Beth A. Lewis, Eric Statt, and Bess H. Marcus

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter discusses three health behaviors that significantly impact public health. Specifically, physical activity behavior, weight loss, and smoking cessation are associated with many ... More

Beyond the Dyad: Communication in Triadic (and more) Medical Encounters  

Michele G. Greene and Ronald D. Adelman

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter focuses on how communication is affected when, in addition to the physician and the patient, there is another individual present during the interaction. Although it is ... More

Biological Changes During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period  

Jonathan Schaffir

Print publication date:
Apr 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Pregnancy and postpartum recovery involve profound changes that affect nearly every aspect of a woman’s life. This chapter reviews the physical, hormonal, and physiological changes that ... More

Biological Sensitivity to Context: A Framework for Understanding Relations Between Early Life Experiences and Problem Behaviors  

Nila Shakiba, Elisabeth Conradt, and Bruce Ellis

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
It is now well established that early experiences of adversity play a central role in development of many mental health problems in adulthood. However, the effects are more pronounced and ... More

Biomarkers of Perinatal Psychopathology  

Simone Vigod and Meir Steiner

Print publication date:
Apr 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Much research has focused on understanding why women are at increased risk of serious mental health symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum. Although psychosocial stressors play a ... More

Body Image and Exercise  

Kathleen A. Martin Ginis, Rebecca L. Bassett-Gunter, and Catherine Conlin

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Exercise has been shown to be an effective intervention for improving body image among both women and men. This chapter begins with a review of the meta-analytic evidence regarding the ... More

Body Image Disturbance During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period  

Kelly C. Allison and David B. Sarwer

Print publication date:
Apr 2016
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Body image disturbances are common among women in the general population. Less is known about their prevalence and impact during pregnancy. This chapter examines the history of body image ... More

Burden and Social Cost of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders  

Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Larry Burd, and Jürgen Rehm

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
Damage to the central nervous system is a unifying concept for nearly all of the diagnoses that fall under the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) umbrella. Thus, FASD are an important ... More

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