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The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept  

Mark Silk

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant theologians ... More

The Ak Party in Turkey  

Ibrahim Kalin

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses the emergence of Turkey’s Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi; the AK Party) as a center-right political movement with Islamic and national ... More

Babi and Baha’i Millennialism  

Peter Smith and William P. Collins

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article describes millennialism in Islam, which are exemplified by the Babi and Baha'i movements. It ensued with an Iranian youth, Sayyid Alí-Muḥammad claiming to be the intermediary ... More

Dietary Law  

David M. Freidenreich

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This survey of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic dietary law finds no recognition within pre-modern sources of the biblical or familial affinities implied by the contemporary term Abrahamic. ... More

Early Islamic and Classical Sunni and Shi‘ite Apocalyptic Movements  

David Cook

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Almost all Islamic apocalyptic materials are to be found in the hadith, in the form of Muhammadan preaching. They consist of categories of lesser and greater signs, which will precede the ... More

Hassan Al-Banna  

Ahmad Moussalli

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article analyzes the religious and political discourse of Hasan al-Banna. It begins by describing al-Banna’s life and career. It then examines his discourses based on three main ... More

Hizbullah in Lebanon  

Bassel F. Salloukh and Shoghig Mikaelian

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the development and ideology of Lebanon’s foremost political party, the Hizbullah. It compares and contrasts Hizbullah’s past and present manifestations, and traces ... More

Iran’s Islamic Republic  

William O. Beeman

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Americans have developed an inaccurate view of Iran as a “theocracy” with no democratic institutions. This article attempts to paint a clearer picture of the Iranian government structure by ... More

Islam  

Richard C. Foltz

Print publication date:
Nov 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
If religions are understood to be the major source of value systems by which individuals and societies rank possible outcomes and make decisions about their own behaviors, it would seem ... More

Islam  

Asma Barlas

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This chapter analyses the Qur’an’s position on theology, sexuality, and gender, with the intent of challenging readings of Islam as a patriarchy. It illustrates that missing from Islam’s ... More

Islam and Politics in Central Asia  

Shireen Hunter

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the factors behind the resilience and vitality of Islam in Central Asia and the Caucasus despite more than a century of Russian and Soviet rule. These include Islam’s ... More

Islam and Politics in Europe  

Sam Cherribi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the history and development of the relationship between Islam and European politics. It describes the emergence of an anti-Islam political agenda driven by the far ... More

Islam and Politics in North Africa  

Azzedine Layachi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the relationship between Islam and politics in the Maghreb region of North Africa (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia) in the postcolonial era. It addresses issues ... More

Islam and Politics in North America  

Abdullah A. Al-Arian

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the role of Islam in American life. It begins by tracing the history of Islam’s emergence in North America. It then considers the impact of 9/11 on the American Muslim ... More

Islam and Politics in South Asia  

Ifran Ahmad

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the development of Jama`at-e-Islami (Jama`at) in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. It first traces the history and ideology of Jama`at as formulated by Mawdudi in ... More

Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia  

Fred R. von der Mehden

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the relationship between Islam and politics in Southeast Asia. It first outlines the various factors that frame Islam and politics in the Muslim world of Southeast ... More

Islam and Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Leonardo A. Villalón

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the role of Islam in politics in sub-Saharan Africa. It analyzes the impact of factors such as demographics, independence movements, and democratization. The ... More

Islam and Politics in the Middle East  

Moataz A. Fattah

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the various political and Islamist agendas and discourses in Middle East. These are the (1) apolitical Muslimhood agenda, (2) statist seculareligious agenda, (3) ... More

Islam and Power in Saudi Arabia  

Natana J. DeLong-Bas

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the relationship between religion and politics in Saudi Arabia. The discussions cover the nature and development of “Wahhabism,” the religious revival and reform ... More

Islam and Race in American History  

Juliane Hammer

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
American Muslims are often seen as either unassimilable immigrants or as African Americans who only “adopted” Islam as rebellion against Christian-sanctioned racist exclusion. This chapter ... More

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