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The Age of Suppression: From the Expulsions to the Restoration of the Society of Jesus (1759–1820)  

Niccolò Guasti

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2018
Although the Society of Jesus was no stranger to local suppressions and banishments that had studded its history from the beginning, the Jesuit crises that broke out between the 1750s and ... More

The Annunciation from Luke to the Enlightenment: A Cultural History  

Gary Waller

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2019
This chapter provides a cultural rather than a theological reading of the Annunciation story, locating it historically from its beginnings in Luke to the pre-Enlightenment, and then, by ... More

Astronomy, Cosmology, and Jesuit Discipline, 1540–1758  

Luís Miguel Carolino

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Jesuit scholars took part in all the major scientific controversies in the field of astronomy and cosmology, and taught generations of philosophers in Europe. Jesuit missionaries ... More

Byzantine Festal Homilies on The Virgin Mary  

Mary B. Cunningham

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Liturgical homilies in honour of the Virgin Mary, Theotokos (‘God-bearer’) were composed in Greek from about the early fifth century ce in the Eastern Christian Church. As Marian feasts ... More

Catholic Perspectives on Natural Theology  

Denis Edwards

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter discusses Catholic perspectives on natural theology. It begin with Michael Buckley's proposal that a particular approach to natural theology has contributed to modern atheism, which sets ... More

Catholic Sacramental Theology in the Baroque Age  

Trent Pomplun

Print publication date:
Dec 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This essay provides an account of the historical and thematic features of Catholic sacramental theology during the Baroque age. Its intent is primarily bibliographic, and hopes to introduce ... More

Catholic Theology and Heidegger  

Peter Joseph Fritz

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Jun 2015
This essay considers Catholic responses to Heidegger under three headings: rejection, warm acceptance, and critical appropriation. Erich Przywara and Alasdair MacIntyre reject Heidegger; ... More

Catholic Theology in Africa  

Anthony Akinwale OP

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This chapter introduces Catholic theology in Africa. The encounter between Africa and Christianity is divided into three periods. The first of these runs from the beginning of Christianity ... More

Catholics  

Kevin P. Spicer

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Catholic and Protestant churches were on-lookers and sometimes worse, as their responses to persecution included forms of inaction that spilled over into complicity. Beginning with an ... More

Chasing the Lady: Revealing, Reforming, and Restoring the Virgin Mary in the Eucharist during the English Reformations and beyond  

Paul Williams

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Responding to intellectual, devotional and liturgical changes in the rest of Europe, the place of the Virgin Mary was reappraised in England during the Reformations of the sixteenth ... More

The CouncilS of Trent and Vatican I  

Christian D. Washburn

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter considers two important ecumenical councils of the Church in the modern era: Trent (1545–63) and Vatican I (1869–70). The chapter examines in detail the key teachings of each ... More

Creation and Salvation  

John McDade

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter offers an overview of Catholic teaching on the relationship between creation and salvation. It begins by affirming the centrality to Christian theology of a fully Trinitarian ... More

The Doctrine of the Theotokos in Gregorios Palamas  

Christiaan Kappes

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2019
The present chapter is designed to furnish the reader with new insights into the doctrine of Theotokos within the works of Gregorios Palamas (c.1296–d.1357). The study uncovers new facets ... More

Elites and the Constitution of Jesuit Identity  

Patrick Goujon SJ

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2018
The attitude of Jesuits toward elites sheds light on their relationship to society at large, considered as a relationship between an “interior” and an “exterior”: the “interior” projects ... More

Eschatology  

Paul O'Callaghan

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter considers the Christian doctrine of the end of all things and the character of our hope about that end. The chapter begins with an introduction to the ‘Parousia’, the coming of ... More

The Eucharist: Real Presence and Real Absence  

Alexander R. Pruss

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on the question of whether the doctrine of the real presence of Christ's body and blood, and likewise the doctrine of the real absence of bread and wine, can be ... More

Financing Jesuit Missions  

Frederik Vermote

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter outlines the less studied finances of Jesuit overseas missions in the early modern period, drawing from incomplete sources for Portuguese Asia and more substantial primary ... More

The Global Network of Deviant Revelatory Marian Movements  

Peter Jan Margry

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2019
This chapter discusses contemporary deviant—contested or condemned—Marian devotional movements and cultures, situated at and concentrated around modern apparitional sites, which ... More

The Historiography of the Society of Jesus  

Paul Shore

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The historical literature on the Jesuits appeared as soon as the Society was founded. A significant portion of this literature was written by Jesuits themselves. Anti-Jesuit writings ... More

The Holy Spirit  

Thomas Joseph White OP

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
This chapter explores the basic structure of Christian teaching about the Holy Spirit—pneumatology. The chapter considers, first, the biblical presentation of the Spirit and then explores ... More

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