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Bayesianism  

James M. Joyce

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article is concerned with Bayesian epistemology. Bayesianism claims to provide a unified theory of epistemic and practical rationality based on the principle of mathematical ... More

Computational Economics  

Paul Humphreys

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Computational economics is a relatively new research technique in economics, but it is inexorably taking its place alongside the more traditional methods of general theory, abstract ... More

Counterfactual Theories  

L. A. Paul

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Counterfactual analyses have received a good deal of attention in recent years, resulting in a host of counterexamples and objections to the simple analysis and its descendants. The ... More

Decision Theory and Epistemology  

Mark Kaplan

Print publication date:
Oct 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article finds it characteristic of orthodox Bayesians to hold that for each person and each hypothesis it comprehends, there is a precise degree of confidence that person has in the ... More

Mathematics—Application and Applicability  

Mark Steiner

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
To an unappreciated degree, the history of Western philosophy is the history of attempts to understand why mathematics is applicable to Nature, despite apparently good reasons to believe ... More

Naturalism Reconsidered  

Alan Weir

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on naturalism. It makes one terminological distinction: between methodological naturalism and ontological naturalism. The methodological naturalist assumes there is a ... More

The Newton–Leibniz Calculus Controversy, 1708–1730  

Niccolo Guicciardini

Online publication date:
May 2017
This article examines the controversy between Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz concerning the priority in the invention of the calculus. The dispute began in 1708, when John Keill ... More

The Possibility of Discrete Time  

Jean Paul Van Bendegem

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
This chapter examines the possibility of discrete time. At first sight, the answer seems trivial, but actually, it raises a number of interesting questions, both philosophical and ... More

The Potential Value of Computational Models in Social Science Research  

Ken Kollman

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article presents intellectual context for computational modeling, namely the manner in which it fits into the collective enterprise of advancing modern social science theory, and also ... More

Quine and the Web of Belief  

Michael D. Resnik

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on Quine's positive views and their bearing on the philosophy of mathematics. It begins with his views concerning the relationship between scientific theories and ... More

Rationality and Game Theory  

Cristina Bicchieri

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article on rationality and game theory deals with the modeling of interaction between decision makers. Game theory aims to understand situations in which decision makers interact. ... More

Three Forms of Naturalism  

Penelope Maddy

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article plans to sketch the outlines of the Quinean point of departure, then to describe how Burgess and this article differ from this, and from each other, especially on logic and ... More

Whitehead's Metaphysical System  

John W. Lango

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Born in England, and having held positions in mathematics at Cambridge University and the University of London, Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947) became an American philosopher at the age ... More

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