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Action and The Will  

John Hyman

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
In Philosophical Investigations, Ludwig Wittgenstein talks about action and the will. The main ideas we need to be acquainted with in order to understand Wittgenstein's remarks on this ... More

Analytic–Synthetic and A Priori–A Posteriori History  

Brian Weatherson

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article focuses on the distinction between analytic truths and synthetic truths (i.e. every truth that isn’t analytic), and between a priori truths and a posteriori truths (i.e. every ... More

Austin's Way with Skepticism  

Mark Kaplan

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines philosopher J. L. Austin's argument against skepticism. It explains Austin's response to questions concerning the evaluation of Cartesian arguments in favour of ... More

Beholding Nietzsche: , Fate, and Freedom  

Christa Davis Acampora

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Ecce Homo offers Nietzsche’s own interpretation of himself, his thoughts, and his works. This article analyzes how the text bears on his ideas about agency, fate, and freedom. ... More

Being, Becoming, and Time in Nietzsche  

Robin Small

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines Nietzsche’s thoughts about becoming and being, and how these are at odds with both knowledge and life. It discusses how Nietzsche addresses this problem, beginning ... More

Berkeley's Treatment of Skepticism  

George Pappas

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines Bishop Berkeley's view and treatment of skepticism based on the content of his books Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. It ... More

Beyond Good and Evil  

Maudemarie Clark and David Dudrick

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Beyond Good and Evil is considered Nietzsche’s most important and comprehensive philosophical work. This article explores two problems involving the book’s form and content, ... More

Cartesian Skepticism: Arguments and Antecedents  

José Luis Bermúdez

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the basis of Cartesian skepticism as contained in René Descartes' Meditation 1. It traces the complex argumentation of Meditation 1 and explores the differences ... More

Conceivability and Possibility  

Christopher Hill

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article examines some philosophical questions about knowledge of modality, including how we determine whether a proposition is necessary or contingent and what procedures to use for ... More

Contemporary Responses to Agrippa's Trilemma  

Peter D. Klein

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses contemporary response to the epistemic regress problem or Agrippa's trilemma. The epistemic regress problem is considered the most crucial in the entire theory of ... More

Critical Philosophy of Race  

Charles W. Mills

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article tries to provide a genealogy for, and a characterization of, “critical philosophy of race,” which has only recently begun to gain formal recognition as a subject within the ... More

Disagreement in Philosophy: Its Epistemic Significance  

Thomas Kelly

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article explores the epistemological significance of disagreement in philosophy in the light of some currently prominent theories of disagreement. More specifically, it asks whether ... More

The Epistemology of Religious Belief  

Desmond M. Clarke

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the epistemological aspects of religious belief in early modern Europe. It suggests that the most prominent feature of Christian creeds during this period was their ... More

Eternal Recurrence  

Paul S. Loeb

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article shows that Nietzsche’s published presentations endorse the cosmological truth of eternal recurrence and that they indicate how belief in this truth can be supported with direct ... More

Experimental Philosophy  

Ron Mallon

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Experimental philosophy is an extension of the Naturalists’ Challenge to the use of intuitions in philosophy. This chapter explores this challenge and traditional or “armchair” responses to ... More

Faith and Reason  

Linda Zagzebski

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article examines the potential conflict between faith and reason, with emphasis on the relation between beliefs arising from revelation and beliefs arising from reason. It analyses the ... More

Faith and Reason  

Maria Rosa Antognazza

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This chapter discusses Leibniz’s conception of faith and its relation to reason. It shows that, for Leibniz, faith embraces both cognitive and noncognitive dimensions: although faith must ... More

Feminism  

Neel Maitra

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article explores feminist work in philosophy. It begins by distinguishing some central questions that feminist philosophers have been concerned with, and taking feminist work in ... More

The Gay Science  

Christopher Janaway

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines one of Nietzsche’s most important works, The Gay Science (Die fröhliche Wissenschaft). The book’s title reflects its ambition to handle painful truths, arrived at by ... More

History of Ideas: A Defense  

Frederick Beiser

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This article is a defense of the history of ideas as traditionally understood. The history of ideas, as originally conceived, attempted to be both historical and philosophical. Its ... More

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