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Africa and Deliberative Politics  

Emmanuel Ani

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2018
This chapter shows that deliberative democracy is an important consideration for African nations, especially with an eye on the divisive effects of aggregative politics on democracies ... More

Africa and the Contestation of Sexual and Gender Diversity: Imperial and Contemporary Regulation  

Monica Tabengwa and Matthew Waites

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2019
This chapter considers sexualities and genders in Africa by exploring the relationship between precolonial, colonial, and current forms of regulation. The field of research on sexual and ... More

The AKP’s Rhetoric of Rule in Turkey: Political Melodramas of Conspiracy from “Ergenekon” to “Mastermind”  

Erdağ Göknar

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
In 2008 the Turkish Constitutional Court was one vote shy of banning the ruling AKP for “anti-secular activity.” In response, the AKP began articulating a series of political conspiracy ... More

The Anticolonial Struggle in Nigeria  

Rotimi Ajayi

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter examines the nationalist struggle in Nigeria. It takes a historical look at the movement and the various factors that facilitated its spread. It argues that while nationalism ... More

Arab Citizens in the “Jewish” State of Israel  

Itzhak Galnoor

Online publication date:
Oct 2020
Israel’s Declaration of Independence proclaims full equality for all of Israel’s citizens and calls upon members of the Arab nation “to participate in the upbuilding of the State on the ... More

‘As it was bodily, so it is politically’: Prostitutes, Wives, and Political Power in Zimbabwe  

Rudo Mudiwa

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
This chapter argues that the term ‘prostitute’ is part of the political grammar in Zimbabwe, used to discipline women’s participation in party politics. Rather than approaching the use of ... More

The Atlantic Slave Trade and its Lasting Impact  

Wasiq Khan

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter describes aspects of the transatlantic slave trade specific to regions that now comprise Nigeria and provides a review of academic research since the Second World War on the ... More

Australia’s Electoral Innovations  

Lisa Hill

Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter explores Australia’s well-deserved reputation as a democratic innovator and, in particular, an electoral innovator. This tendency has been driven substantially by two uniquely ... More

Austria: From Consensus to Competition and Participation?  

Franz Fallend

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Austria is a democratic republic wherein constitutionally, state power is federalized into nine provinces and 357 municipalities which are organized as self-governing bodies. However, in ... More

Bangladesh  

Krishnan Srinivasan and Sreeradha Datta

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Bangladesh is the ultimate prize in the subcontinent for Indian foreign policy. To enjoy good relations with the world’s third largest Muslim population would immeasurably strengthen ... More

Belgium: A Tale of Regional Divergence?  

Ellen Wayenberg, Filip De Rynck, Kristof Steyvers, and Jean‐Benoît Pilet

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Under the surface of great unity, Belgium suffered from three cleavages that have divided the small nation. This article discusses the three cleavages that have influenced and affected the ... More

Big Business, Democracy, and the Politics of Competition  

Strom C. Thacker

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article addresses several questions on business-state relations in democratic Mexico. It addresses the contemporary nature of business-state relations in Mexico and appraises the ... More

Boko Haram: Indigeneity, Internationalism, and Insurgency  

Virginia Comolli

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The chapter explores Boko Haram’s regional expansion and links to international jihadi movements such as al-Qaeda in the Maghreb (AQIM) and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). The ... More

Boycotting and Buycotting in Consumer Cultures: Political Consumerism in North America  

Meredith A. Katz

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This chapter presents a historical overview of political consumerism in the United States and Canada, highlighting how societal and cultural shifts have influenced participation over time. ... More

Bulgaria: The Dawn of a New Era of Inclusive Subnational Democracy?  

Pavlina Nikolova

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article focuses on the state of Bulgaria. In a geographical area where continents, religions, and influences of power meet, Bulgaria has relied on the traditions of centralism and ... More

Bureaucratic Politics in Israel  

Sharon Gilad and Nissim Cohen

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Studies of the Israeli public sector point to the vast influence of the Ministry of Finance (MOF) across multiple policy domains. This chapter combines bureaucratic politics research and ... More

Canada: A Double Federation  

David E. Smith

Print publication date:
Apr 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2010
Canada is one of the earliest modern federations in the world. Created in 1867 by an Act of Parliament in Westminster, it was the first parliamentary federation in the world. This article ... More

Capturing Secularism in Turkey: The Ease of Comparison  

Murat Akan

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Laiklik has been a major theme of the literature on Turkey and has turned Turkey into a critical case in world politics, area studies, and the comparative politics literatures ... More

The Causes and Consequences of Terrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa: a recapitulation  

Juliet U. Elu and Gregory N. Price

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2019
This chapter provides an overview and recapitulation on the causes and consequences of terrorism in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). While terrorism is a global phenomenon, counterterrorism policy ... More

The Causes and Legacy of the Great Recession in Spain  

Sebastián Royo

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
After over two decades of prolonged economic growth, Spain suffered its worst economic crisis in decades between 2008 and 2014. The political, social, and economic consequences of this ... More

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