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Accountability and Citizen Participation  

Bodil Damgaard and Jenny M. Lewis

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter provides an analytical framework aimed at measuring citizen participation in public accountability processes beyond the fundamental mechanism of parliamentary elections. The ... More

Accountability, Legitimacy, and the Court of Public Opinion  

Mark H. Moore

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Liberal societies have long been concerned about the effective control of the powerful governmental institutions that arise within them. Over the past decade and a half, governments have ... More

Accounting for Crises  

Sanneke Kuipers and Paul 't Hart

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Crises—be they natural disasters, industrial accidents or system collapses—are no longer seen as “acts of God”; they immediately invoke intense debates on culpability and consequences. ... More

Adaptive Informal Institutions  

Kellee S. Tsai

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
May 2016
Historical institutionalism (HI) has traditionally focused on formal institutions designed and enforced by official entities in advanced industrial democracies. Yet the modalities of ... More

Affect  

Marianne Liljeström

Print publication date:
Feb 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
During the last few decades, feminist affect studies have enunciated challenging epistemological and ontological questions based on numerous discussions and readings of affect as emotive ... More

African Political Leadership  

Gerrie Swart, Jo-Ansie van Wyk, and Maryke Botha

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
This chapter probes the past, present, and emerging scholarship in the study of African political leadership. Key questions the chapter will seek to address include: what is the state of ... More

Agency  

Lois McNay

Print publication date:
Feb 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
This chapter traces key developments in feminist thought on agency through an underlying tension between the descriptive and normative senses of the term. Feminist theories of agency as ... More

Aggregating and Representing Political Preferences  

G. Bingham Powell

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article talks about aggregating and representing political preferences. It presents the challenge of social choice analysis and identifies the conditions for representative democracy ... More

The Art of Social Movement  

Ron Eyerman

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
The arts are an established part of social movement repertoire. Artistic representations are important to internal movement dynamics and in communicating movement ideas to the wider world. ... More

The Behavioral Revolution and the Remaking of Comparative Politics  

Lucian Pye

Print publication date:
Mar 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article analyses the emergence of the behavioural approach in comparative politics after World War 2. The behavioural approach had four significant dimensions. These are the emphasis ... More

Belief Systems and Political Decision Making  

James H. Kuklinski and Buddy Peyton

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article studies the belief systems and political decision making and examines the observation that political scientists have the ability to tell a coherent story about citizens and ... More

Cabinet Ministers: Leaders, Team Players, Followers?  

Rudy B. Andeweg

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The study of ministerial leadership suffers from lack of access and cross-country variation. The available literature shows that the leadership of cabinet ministers, although real, is ... More

Can Political Leadership be Taught?  

Jean Hartley

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter examines whether, how, and why training and development can help political leaders to become more effective in leadership. The chapter deploys theory and concepts from ... More

The Catholic Right  

Paolo Acanfora

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
The Catholic right was made up of groups within the DC and in the ecclesiastical hierarchy. During the early years of the Republic it was highly critical of De Gasperi as too soft on ... More

Challenge and Change: Elections and Voting  

Elisabeth Gidengil

Print publication date:
Apr 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2010
A vast territory, deep regional and linguistic differences, and a diverse population pose a challenge to the administration of elections and the determination of voting behavior. Election ... More

Changing Perspectives on the State  

Jonah D. Levy, Stephan Leibfried, and Frank Nullmeier

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Three waves of social science thinking have marked the debate about the state and its transformations since World War II. During the first wave, the dominant intellectual perspectives of ... More

Civic Leadership  

Richard A. Couto

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
This chapter distinguishes between government, economy, and the third sector to locate the space for a civic leadership that can promote social change. The chapter separates leadership from ... More

Civil Resistance  

Daniel P. Ritter

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Civil resistance is a form of contentious politics that eschews violent tactics and strategies in favor of nonviolent ones. Employing methods likes strikes, boycotts, and demonstrations, ... More

Civil Society and Democratization  

Edmund Wnuk-Lipiński

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses democratization and civil society. An explanation of the concept of civil society is provided, followed by the various functions of civil society. It reveals that the ... More

Clash of Values across Civilizations  

Takashi Inoguchi

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses the clash of values across civilizations and presents some illustrative examples of how key value dimensions compare across global regions. Seven substantive topics ... More

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