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Academic Publishing  

Samantha J. Rayner

Published in print:
Apr 2019
Published Online:
May 2019
This chapter on academic publishing covers the origins of the field; the impact of the two major drivers of change—the printing press and the Internet—on the spread of knowledge; Open ... More

Accountability in Health Care  

Haldor Byrkeflot and Karsten Vrangbaek

Published in print:
Apr 2016
Published Online:
Jun 2016
The debate on accountability within the public sector has been lively in the past decade. Significant progress has been made in developing conceptual frameworks and typologies for ... More

Accountability in the Regulatory State  

Martin Lodge and Lindsay Stirton

Published in print:
Sep 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2010
Accountability in regulation will never reach a state of ‘perfection’ and stability, but will remain, given competing values and shifting priorities, in a state of continued tension and ... More

Actuarial-Based Public Pension Systems  

Richard Disney

Published in print:
Jul 2006
Published Online:
Sep 2009
In employer-provided pension plans and individual retirement saving accounts, contributions over the working lifetime are used to purchase assets that are drawn down after retirement. In ... More

Budget and Accounting Reforms  

Irene S. Rubin and Joanne Kelly

Published in print:
Jun 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article examines what reforms have been proposed, what they are intended to accomplish, and how they are working out. The result of the survey and analysis conducted is somewhat messy ... More

Bureaucracy in the Twenty-First Century  

Kenneth J. Meier and Gregory C. Hill

Published in print:
Jun 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Although numerous scholars claim the eminent demise of bureaucracy, this article argues that bureaucracy will not only survive in the twenty-first century but will flourish. The core of ... More

Business and Neo‐corporatism  

Philippe C. Schmitter

Published in print:
Feb 2010
Published Online:
May 2010
The advent of neo-corporatism has been a rare occurrence among advanced capitalist liberal democracies—and virtually unheard of elsewhere. Of the twenty or so original members of that club ... More

Business and Political Parties  

Graham Wilson and Wyn Grant

Published in print:
Feb 2010
Published Online:
May 2010
Although it is conventional in political science to distinguish between political parties and interest groups, in practice the distinction is less clear. The conventional definitions ... More

Business Groups and the State: The Politics of Expansion, Restructuring, and Collapse  

Ben Ross Schneider

Published in print:
Aug 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2010
Business groups combine empirically a variety of features that have fascinated researchers from a range of disciplines. However, debate and theorizing, both generally and in relation to ... More

Business Politics in Latin America: Patterns of Fragmentation and Centralization  

Ben Ross Schneider

Published in print:
Feb 2010
Published Online:
May 2010
This article proceeds in several steps to analyze business politics in Latin America. The second section briefly reviews a general conceptual framework that distinguishes the sources of ... More

Business Representation in Washington, DC  

Timothy Werner and Graham Wilson

Published in print:
Feb 2010
Published Online:
May 2010
Several broad generalizations about the nature of business representation in Washington would command general agreement. First, business representation is organizationally fragmented and ... More

Canada in a Global System of Higher Education: The Role of Community Engagement  

Brent Epperson, Britta Baron, and Carl G. Amrhein

Published in print:
Jun 2019
Published Online:
Jul 2019
In the last decade, many leading universities throughout the world have modified their mission and vision statements to emphasize community service and broader societal aspirations. ... More

Central Banking And The Triumph Of Technical Rationality  

Mitchel Y. Abolafia

Published in print:
Nov 2012
Published Online:
Jun 2013
This article explores the application of technical rationality to the control of the money supply. It argues, on the one hand, that developed economies, like the United States, have moved inexorably ... More

Change and Continuity in the Continental Tradition of Public Management  

Isabella Proeller and Kuno Schedler

Published in print:
Jun 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article aims to characterize French and German public administration and management, outline their specific reform trajectories, and indicate the influence both systems have had ... More

Changes in the Organization of Public Services and their Effects on Employment Relations  

Robert Hebdon and Ian Kirkpatrick

Published in print:
May 2006
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Few observers would dispute the fact that radical changes have been attempted in the funding and organization of public services in most developed countries. Increasingly the trend is said ... More

Changing the Nature and Role of Universities: The Effects of Funding and Governance Reforms on Universities as Accountable Organizational Actors  

Richard Whitley

Published in print:
Jun 2019
Published Online:
Jul 2019
The combination of expanded participation in higher education and changing state financing and governance policies is transforming the nature and activities of research universities in ... More

Collaborative Service Provision in the Public Sector  

Jodi Sandfort and H. Brinton Milward

Published in print:
Jun 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
The topic of public service partnerships has clear substantive importance. Governments all over the world are increasing their dependence upon collaborative partnerships to delivery public ... More

The Collegial Tradition in English Higher Education: What Is It, What Sustains It, and How Viable Is Its Future?  

David Palfreyman and Ted Tapper

Published in print:
Jun 2019
Published Online:
Jul 2019
The basic structure of the Oxbridge type evolved historically as a federal set of multi-disciplinary and largely self-governing colleges. Each set was balanced between competition and ... More

Corporate Governance and Nonprofits: Facing up to Hybridization and Homogenization  

Jenny Harrow and Susan D. Phillips

Published in print:
Mar 2013
Published Online:
Jul 2013
This chapter discusses the context of nonprofit organizations, which are under pressure to demonstrate how they act for the benefit of the public in transparent ways with obvious impact. ... More

Corporate Social Responsibility and Government  

Jeremy Moon, Nahee Kang, and Jean‐Pascal Gond

Published in print:
Feb 2010
Published Online:
May 2010
This article is about corporate social responsibility (CSR) and aims to distinguish different types of CSR–government relationship and to understand these in the context of broader state ... More

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