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Alternatives to Regulation? Market Mechanisms and the Environment  

David Driesen

Published in print:
Sep 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2010
This article identifies a number of ongoing challenges. It focuses on the means of environmental regulation — the techniques regulators use to reduce pollution. It discusses traditional ... More

Antitrust Compliance  

D. Daniel Sokol

Published in print:
Apr 2017
Published Online:
Jun 2016
This chapter explores compliance in the antitrust context, reviewing both the antitrust and the non-antitrust literatures on compliance and corporate governance to provide a clearer ... More

The Australian Future Fund  

Xi-Chong Xu

Published in print:
Oct 2017
Published Online:
Nov 2017
This chapter outlines the creation and development of the Australian Future Fund (FF), showing how and why policy makers adopted this option to manage the challenges presented by the “good ... More

Bank Regulation and Supervision  

Catherine Schenk

Published in print:
May 2016
Published Online:
Jul 2016
Regulation has been a recurring theme in business history at industry level as well as in case studies of firms and firm dynamics. For banking and finance, the complications of information ... More

Better Regulation: The Search and the Struggle  

Robert Baldwin

Published in print:
Sep 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2010
Most governments around the world face unrelenting demands for reforms and regulatory improvements — mainly from commentators, regulated organisations, elected representatives, and ... More

Business and Environmental Law  

Cary Coglianese and Ryan Anderson

Published in print:
Nov 2011
Published Online:
Jan 2012
This article discusses the influence of environmental law on the environment and the economy. Businesses seek to influence the stringency and design of environmental law by lobbying ... More

Business And The State  

Robert Millward

Published in print:
Jan 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Although there is a huge literature relevant to the history of relations between the state and business, this article's emphasis on international comparisons (Western Europe, Japan, and ... More

Capital Markets and Financial Politics: Preferences and Institutions  

Mark J. Roe

Published in print:
Mar 2013
Published Online:
Jul 2013
This chapter introduces a political-institutional perspective and argues that capital markets can function effectively if political institutions support capitalism, especially capitalism ... More

Capital Markets and Sovereign Defaults: A Historical Perspective  

Juan Flores

Published in print:
May 2016
Published Online:
Jul 2016
This chapter provides a historical perspective on the relationship between capital markets and sovereign defaults. While the main body of the sovereign debt literature has rarely ... More

Central Banking  

Forrest Capie

Published in print:
May 2016
Published Online:
Jul 2016
Central banks date from the late nineteenth century but the great majority from the twentieth century. They are institutions whose principal purpose is to provide stable monetary and ... More

The China Investment Corporation: From Inception to Sideline  

Christopher Balding and Kevin Chastagner

Published in print:
Oct 2017
Published Online:
Nov 2017
China’s sovereign wealth fund (SWF), the China Investment Corporation (CIC), was established in 2007 and has grown to become the fourth largest SWF in the world with assets and offices ... More

Co-Investments of Sovereign Wealth Funds in Private Equity  

Joseph A. McCahery and F. Alexander de Roode

Published in print:
Oct 2017
Published Online:
Nov 2017
Direct investments are the preferred vehicle for large institutional investors to have control over their portfolio investments. This chapter studies the deal structure of direct ... More

Collaboration and Intellectual Property: Strategies for Navigating Fragmented Property Rights  

Michael B. Heeley and David R. King

Published in print:
Nov 2019
Published Online:
Aug 2019
The number of options owners of intellectual property confront in how best to exploit the inherent value of an innovation has expanded. New strategies for exploitation have developed in ... More

Commercial Banking: Changing Interactions between Banks, Markets, Industry, and State  

Gerarda Westerhuis

Published in print:
May 2016
Published Online:
Jul 2016
This chapter provides an overview of the development of commercial banking—defined as taking deposits payable on demand and originating loans to private and corporate customers—from the ... More

The Comparative Institutional Analysis of Innovation: From Industrial Policy to the Knowledge Economy  

Steven Casper

Published in print:
Apr 2010
Published Online:
May 2010
This article surveys comparative institutional research from sociology and political science that seeks to explain patterns of innovation across the advanced industrial economies. It has ... More

Competition Policy  

Stephen Wilks

Published in print:
Feb 2010
Published Online:
May 2010
Competition policy is a complex policy field which requires knowledge of competition law and economics as well as familiarity with the framework of policy and the agencies of enforcement. ... More

Consumer Policy: Business and the Politics of Consumption  

Gunnar Trumbull

Published in print:
Feb 2010
Published Online:
May 2010
Policy researchers have offered two classes of theories of consumer regulation. One emphasizes the role of business in proposing and shaping consumer protection policies. A second set of ... More

Copyright and its Discontents  

Martin Kretschmer

Published in print:
Jul 2015
Published Online:
Oct 2014
Copyright has emerged as the Intellectual Property currency of the creative industries, to the extent that they are sometimes referred to as ‘the copyright industries’. Extending beyond ... More

Copyright and Publishing: Symbiosis in the Digital Environment  

Mira T. Sundara Rajan

Published in print:
Apr 2019
Published Online:
May 2019
Copyright law grants authors the exclusive right to ‘authorize’ publication of their work. For publication to occur, publisher and author must enter into an agreement where the author ... More

Copyright, the Creative Industries, and the Public Domain  

Fiona Macmillan

Published in print:
Jul 2015
Published Online:
Dec 2013
This article argues that copyright’s commodification of creativity has established a structure that, allied with aspects of the market for cultural goods and services, enables the ... More

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