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Abnormal Psychology  

Paige H. Fisher, Susan Nolan, and Magdalena Galazyn

Published in print:
Aug 2015
Published Online:
Apr 2015
This chapter offers recommendations, evidence-based when possible, on teaching abnormal psychology in an effective and engaging manner. In the first section, we address issues related to ... More

Acculturation, Vitality, and Bilingual Healthcare  

Richard Y. Bourhis and Annie Montreuil

Published in print:
Sep 2017
Published Online:
Oct 2016
This chapter provides a conceptual framework for examining the delivery of bilingual healthcare for linguistic minorities in Canada’s Bilingual Belt. First, the chapter provides an ... More

Accuracy and Bias of Trait Judgments in Romantic Relationships  

Shanhong Luo and David Watson

Published Online:
Aug 2019
This chapter provides a review of recent theoretical developments and empirical evidence regarding accuracy and biases of trait judgments in romantic relationships. Consistent with prior ... More

Achievement Goals  

Kou Murayama, Andrew J. Elliot, and Ron Friedman

Published in print:
Feb 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
In this chapter, we describe the achievement goal construct's origin and highlight noteworthy developments in the literature. We then use this historical overview to provide the context ... More

Achievement Goals  

Kou Murayama and Andrew J. Elliot

Published in print:
Sep 2019
Published Online:
Aug 2019
This chapter describes the achievement goal construct’s origins and highlights noteworthy developments in the literature. Specifically it describes how the original dichotomous model of ... More

Acquiring and Maintaining Expertise in Aging Populations  

Dan Morrow and Renato F.L. Azevedo

Published Online:
Oct 2018
This chapter reviews literature related to relationships between expertise and aging. It first considers how experts excel on domain-relevant tasks despite cognitive limitations and how ... More

Across Borders and Technologies: Advancements in Virtual Teams Research  

Bradley L. Kirkman, Cristina B. Gibson, and Kwanghyun Kim

Published in print:
Jul 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Research on virtual teams continues to grow as this form of teaming is increasingly adopted by organizations worldwide. To comprehensively analyze the growing literature on virtual teams, ... More

Active Video Games: Impacts and Research  

Barbara Chamberlin and Ann Maloney

Published in print:
Dec 2012
Published Online:
Jan 2013
Exergames, or games that encourage physical activity, have several documented benefits for users, including increase of daily physical activity, and the potential for game players to reach ... More

Adaptive Behavior  

Marc J. Tasse

Published in print:
Aug 2013
Published Online:
Dec 2013
Adaptive behavior consists of those skills learned throughout development and performed in response to the expectations placed on us from our community and society at large. Adaptive ... More

Addressing Intractable Conflict Through Interactive Problem-Solving  

Tamra Pearson d'Estrée

Published in print:
Jul 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Conflict, defined as a perceived divergence of interests, goals, values or needs, can be both constructive and destructive (Curle, 1971; Deutsch, 1973; Rubin, Pruitt, & Kim, 1994). ... More

Addressing the Needs of Nontraditional Students in Psychology  

Mukul Bhalla, Diane L. Finley, and Radhika Krishnadas

Published in print:
Aug 2015
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter discusses whether institutions of higher education in general and departments of psychology in particular are meeting the needs of nontraditional students, who do not follow ... More

Adherence and Health Behavior Change in the Context of Mental Health Challenges  

Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek and Summer L. Williams

Published in print:
Oct 2013
Published Online:
Dec 2013
This chapter outlines the ways in which depression and other mental health issues influence adherence and health-behavior change. Patient adherence and health-behavior change are defined ... More

Adjustment to Retirement  

Hanna van Solinge

Published in print:
Oct 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
This chapter provides a summary of developments in retirement adjustment research. The chapter starts with a review of the major theoretical approaches to adjustment to life events in ... More

Adolescence and Religion: An Evolutionary Perspective  

Candace S. Alcorta

Published Online:
Nov 2016
Throughout the world adolescence is deemed the appropriate life stage to “learn religion.” Nearly three-quarters of societies conduct adolescent rites of passage transmitting sacred ... More

Adolescent Peer Aggression and Female Reproductive Competition  

Andrew C. Gallup

Published in print:
Sep 2017
Published Online:
Feb 2015
Research suggests that intrasexual aggression during adolescence functions in competition over dating and reproductive opportunities and that aggressive strategies are more adaptive for ... More

Adolescent Substance Use and Co-Occurring Disorders  

Jeffrey J. Wilson and Megan Janoff

Published Online:
Jan 2016
Adolescents with substance use disorders (SUDs) have the highest proportion of co-occurring psychiatric disorders (CODs) compared to other age cohorts. Externalizing psychiatric disorders, ... More

Adoption: Forms, Functions, and Preferences  

Anthony A. Volk

Published in print:
May 2011
Published Online:
Nov 2012
A significant body of literature has examined human families from an evolutionary perspective. Another significant body of literature has examined adoptive families. Unfortunately, these ... More

Adult Attachment and Compassion: Normative and Individual Difference Components  

Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver

Published in print:
Sep 2017
Published Online:
Oct 2017
According to attachment theory (Bowlby, 1973, 1982), the optimal functioning of the attachment behavioral system and the resulting sense of security in dealing with life’s challenges and ... More

Adult Attachment and Happiness: Individual Differences in the Experience and Consequences of Positive Emotions  

Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Aug 2013
According to attachment theory, the availability of caring, supportive relationship partners and the resulting sense of attachment security are crucial for effective emotion and ... More

Adult Attachment Security: The Relational Scaffolding of Positive Psychology  

Frederick G. Lopez

Published in print:
Jul 2009
Published Online:
Sep 2012
For over three decades, attachment theory has served as a versatile and generative framework for studying how the dynamics of close, enduring emotional bonds with others (i.e., ... More

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