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Ancient Near Eastern Millennialism  

Robert Gnuse

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Although there existed no real millennial text prior to late Jewish and early Christian texts, there exists an overabundance of resources that heavily draw on millennial texts. This article ... More

Aquinas and Atheism  

Brian Davies

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how ... More

Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church  

Richard Swinburne

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has ... More

Avertive Apocalypticism  

Daniel Wojcik

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
The concept of avertive apocalypticism describes a wide range of beliefs that predict imminent worldly destruction and maintains that apocalypse may be averted or forestalled if believers ... More

Buddhism  

Andrew Skilton

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The article examines evidence for characteristic Buddhist positions regarding the nature and soteriological status of deities. It establishes that deities are but one of several classes of ... More

Catastrophic Millennialism  

Eugene V. Gallagher

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Catastrophic millennialism emanates from a deep pessimism towards society, history, and general humanity. This article develops an analysis of the basic descriptive vocabulary of ... More

Comparative Natural Theology  

Wesley J. Wildman

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter begins by discussing four challenges faced by natural theology. The challenges indicate that the prospects for natural theology cannot be definitively evaluated in the abstract. Rather, ... More

Death, Final Judgment, and the Meaning of Life  

David Bentley Hart

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The ancient injunction memento mori—whispered by a slave into the ear of a victorious general in his triumphal chariot or by a monk to his own heart in the solitude of his cell—has ... More

European Millennialism  

Rebecca Moore

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article discusses three recurring themes that can be identified from the midst of global millennialism, namely Sacred time—the categorization of history into religiously relevant holy ... More

Gender Roles, Sexuality, and Children in Millennial Movements  

Melissa M. Wilcox

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article deals with the issues of gender and sexuality in millennial movements. Patriarchy pervades across the spectrum, varieties range from reversal of normative gender based ... More

Hinduism  

Jessica Frazier

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Over the course of 3000 years, Hindu intellectual culture has not only embraced differing notions of the divine, but also a variety of different ‘atheisms’—the most famous of these being ... More

Jainism  

Anne Vallelly

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Jains dismiss as delusional the belief in a grace-bestowing creator God, yet approach each day reverentially and prayerfully. This seeming paradox is explored, arguing that Jainism’s ... More

Korean Millennial Movements  

Robert Pearson Flaherty

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article examines some of the main contributors to millennialism in a Korean context. The Korean millennial legacy is a synthesis of diverse influences such as Buddhism, Christianity, ... More

Luther as Late Medieval Theologian: His Positive and Negative Use of Nominalism and Realism  

Theodor Dieter

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Luther learned theology within the context of tensions between and synthesizing of medieval schools of thought, loosely defined philosophically as nominalism and realism. He engaged ... More

Luther’s Views of the Jews and Turks  

Gregory Miller

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Luther regarded both Jews and Turks, like adherents of the papacy, as embodiments of works-righteousness and thus hostile to the gospel of Christ. Intensive research has treated his ... More

Mimetic Theories of Religion and Violence  

Wolfgang Palaver

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter concentrates on the mimetic theory of Rene Girard in evaluating foundational myths of violence. It shows Girard's notion of the scapegoating mechanism, whereby a substitute ... More

Modernism  

Cleo McNelly Kearns

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
While a literary and critical modernism seems on the surface independent of and at times oblivious to theological modernism, the modernist stances taken by major twentieth-century artists ... More

Natural Theology in Eastern Religions  

Jessica Frazier

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines natural theology perspectives from Eastern religions. It begins by exploring the possibility of a broader definition of ‘natural theology’ that encompasses the various forms it ... More

Near-Death Experiences  

Carol Zaleski

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In 1969, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross published On Death and Dying, a manifesto calling for reforms in end-of-life care and translating into a psychological idiom the ancient religious idea of ... More

A Philosophical Approach to Questions about Religious Diversity  

Peter Byrne

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The fact of religious diversity provides problems for a variety of approaches to the study of religion. In the philosophical study of religion, there are at least four main areas in which ... More

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