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Africa  

Dirk J. Smit

Published Online:
Jun 2019
Since the birth of the ecumenical movement in Edinburgh a century ago, much has changed ecumenically regarding the African continent. This chapter briefly tells the story of official ... More

African Christian Communities  

David Chidester

Published in print:
Oct 2006
Published Online:
Sep 2009
As a global religion, Christianity is also an African religion, and increasingly so. During the twentieth century, the number of Christians in Africa rose from an estimated 10 million to ... More

African Initiated Churches as Vehicles of Earth-Care in Africa  

Marthinus L. Daneel

Published in print:
Nov 2006
Published Online:
Sep 2009
In the post-chimurenga years of independent Zimbabwe, the African Initiated Churches (AICs) heeded the prophetic call to earth-keeping. They joined forces with practitioners of traditional ... More

An African Religions Perspective  

Kwasi Wiredu

Published in print:
Dec 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2011
A very fundamental fact about African religions is that they are not institutional religions. They do not have an organization that one becomes a member of upon converting or being ... More

African Traditional Religion and Violence  

Nathalie Wlodarczyk

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter analyzes a wide range of African customs and legends. It demonstrates that African traditional religion offers notions of a thriving spirit world which provides “sacred ... More

Afro-Caribbean Religious Societies  

Karen McCarthy Brown

Published in print:
Oct 2006
Published Online:
Sep 2009
The product of an early and involuntary globalization of African culture, Haitian Vodou is arguably the most misunderstood and maligned world religion. The reasons for this are not so much ... More

Contemporary Religions in Brazil  

Bettina E. Schmidt

Published Online:
Jul 2016
This essay gives an overview of the religious landscape of Brazil as well as studies about religions in Brazil. Starting with the situation of Christian denominations in Brazil the essay ... More

Genocide and the Religious Imaginary in Rwanda  

Christopher C. Taylor

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which concentrates on the violent imaginaries that informed the reports and deeds of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, reviews the perseverance of pre-colonial notions of a sacred ... More

‘God has come Amongst us Slowly and we didn’t Realise it!’ The Transformation of Anglican Missionary Heritage in Sudan  

Andrew Wheeler

Published in print:
Oct 2015
Published Online:
Jul 2016
This chapter examines the missionary origins, through the agency of the Church Missionary Society, of the Anglican Church in Sudan (the Episcopal Church of the Sudan) and its ... More

Ihahamuka: An Indigenous Medical Condition among Rwandan Genocide Survivors  

Christopher C. Taylor

One of the core metaphors in Rwandan traditional medicine concerns the flow of bodily fluids. This metaphor is a recursive one, extending into other domains of Rwandan symbolic thought, ... More

Jesuits and Africa  

Festo Mkenda

Jesuits have commanded scholarly attention in recent years, with Jesuit studies almost becoming an independent academic discipline. However, their involvement in Africa remains largely ... More

Luther and Asia  

Pilgrim W. K. Lo

Published in print:
Apr 2014
Published Online:
Jun 2014
Luther’s catechism entered Asian cultures with translations into Asian languages in 1715 (Tamil, south India) and 1843 (Chinese). In the twentieth century a small number of other works ... More

Millennial and Apocalyptic Movements in Africa  

Rosalind I. J. Hackett

Published in print:
Oct 2011
Published Online:
Jan 2012
This article describes African millennialism, which is a blend of traces of Christianity, Islam, and indigenous religions. Prolonged suppression and suffering under colonial exploitation ... More

Religion and Ecology in African Culture and Society  

Jacob K. Olupona

Published in print:
Nov 2006
Published Online:
Sep 2009
The study of Africa's traditional religion and the environment can be termed the ecology of religion. The complexity of the relationship between environment and religion in indigenous and ... More

Religion and Reporting in Africa  

Anthea Butler

Published in print:
Aug 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Media coverage surrounding war, ethnic conflicts, and religion in Africa were important worldwide stories of the late twentieth century. However, reporting on religion in Africa has been ... More

Thinking Globally about African Religion  

Jacob K. Olupona

Published in print:
Oct 2006
Published Online:
Sep 2009
The global dimensions of African religion sweep across the plains of the African continent and into the African diaspora. Contemporary “African religion” is itself a product of ... More

Traditional African Religious Society  

Kofi Asare Opoku

Published in print:
Oct 2006
Published Online:
Sep 2009
African traditional religion is inextricably linked to the culture of the African people. Religion, culture, politics, and society were part of a seamless whole and no part of it could ... More

West Africa  

Victor Atto-Baffoe

Published in print:
Oct 2015
Published Online:
Jul 2016
This chapter is a study of an encounter between the church and the socio-political and cultural milieu of West Africa, with particular focus on Ghana. It closely analyses the relationship ... More

Woman Lost in the Global Maze: Women and Religion in East Africa Under Globalization  

Philomena Njeri Mwaura

Published in print:
Nov 2011
Published Online:
Jan 2012
This chapter interrogates the interplay between globalization, religion, and women in the East African context, and seeks to respond to the following questions: What aspects of ... More

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