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Defining Gender  

Matthew J. Perry

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter examines how law contributed to the definition and establishment of gender in the Roman world, and ways that gender shaped the law. Lawmakers and jurists established distinct ... More

Gender  

Sylvia Parsons and David Townsend

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The pervasively male authorship and audience of medieval Latin literary culture powerfully naturalizes an ideology that allows the relativity of the tradition's gendered constructions to ... More

Gender and Slavery  

Allison Glazebrook

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter investigates the relation between gender and slavery among the Greeks and Romans. It considers the gendered division of labour for slaves with a special emphasis on female ... More

Gender in Hesiod: A Poetics of the Powerless  

Suzanne Lye

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Hesiod’s famous misogyny is part of a larger “poetics of the powerless” that pervades his epics. The poetic persona of his epics establishes a hierarchy of gender as a defense against his ... More

Gender in Roman Britain  

Melanie Sherratt and Alison Moore

Print publication date:
Sep 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Despite an increasing interest in social identity, the topic of gender identity remains under-theorized within Romano-British archaeology: gender categories are often assumed to be fixed ... More

Gender Issues and Daily Life  

Tal Ilan

Print publication date:
Aug 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the daily life of Jewish women. It shows how and where women's experience can be compared with, and even connected to, those of men. It determines the major types of ... More

Gender Studies  

Anthony Corbeill

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Writers in ancient Rome devoted considerable energy to the investigation of gender, revealing a deep interest in the nature of masculinity and femininity as well as in a third category ... More

Gender Studies  

Marilyn B. Skinner

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the meaning given within different social structures to human individuals, whose relationship even with their own bodies is culturally determined. While ‘gender’ is ... More

Literacy and Gender  

Brigitte Lion

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article investigates the relation between gender and cuneiform literacy in ancient Mesopotamia. It suggests that the apparent exclusion of women from written culture needs to be ... More

Men at War  

Lawrence A. Tritle

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter elaborates the understanding on Greek and Roman men at war. Preparation for battle in the ancient world was carefully approached. Military training at Rome was no less severe ... More

Retrosexuality: Sex in the Second Sophistic  

Amy Richlin

Print publication date:
Dec 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter argues that Second Sophistic texts express the erotic in terms of the past: retrosexuality. Starting from the all-male bilingual dinner party at Gellius 19.9, the discussion ... More

Rhetoric and Gender in British Literature  

Lynn Enterline

Print publication date:
Nov 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
This chapter examines the intermingling of rhetorical theory, educational training in Latin grammar and rhetoric, and literary representations that designate bodies, texts, genres, ... More

Roman Prostitutes and Marginalization  

Thomas A. J. McGinn

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the marginalization of Roman prostitutes. It first looks at how prostitutes were marginalized, including the mechanisms that were used to move them to the very edges ... More

Sex and Sexuality  

Larry Scanlon

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article analyzes the ways that Latin texts not only reflect but also fundamentally inflect the production of a central aspect of the interior self, namely, sexuality. Two tenacious ... More

Sexuality  

Rebecca Flemming

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Roman sexuality is only just emerging from the scholarly shadows. As the sexual domain became a valid, and increasingly vital, subject of historical enquiry, it was classical Greece that ... More

Sexuality and Gender  

Laura McClure

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In discussing sexual identity, this article focuses on specific issues in understanding how individuals could be constructed as sexual beings. The ancient Greeks themselves had no specific ... More

Women  

Kristina Milnor

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
What is a woman? Is ‘women’ most appropriately a category of biology? Of society or culture? Of language? Is naming oneself a woman a right? A responsibility? A burden? These questions are ... More

Women as Legal Actors  

Verena Halbwachs

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Women as legally acting individuals rather than as tangential actors are to be found in the classical sources more often than is generally assumed. This is borne out by literary reports as ... More

Women in Roman Society  

Kristina Milnor

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article takes a look at women in Roman society. It first examines Galen's On Prognosis, which provides a view of the wide range of social roles and relationships that women could have ... More

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