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Iron and iron technology  

Timothy Champion

Iron production began in many parts of Europe during the late Bronze Age. Although initially comparatively rare, production steadily increased in volume and quality, and major centres ... More

Raw materials, technology, and innovation  

Rupert Gebhard

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The ascendancy of iron as the main metal in Iron Age Europe was accompanied by important innovations in the working and manufacture of many other raw materials, both inorganic and organic, ... More

Trade and exchange  

Chris Gosden

This chapter challenges prevailing paradigms which have structured discussion of trade and exchange in Iron Age Europe around the dichotomies of gifts vs commodities, or socially generated ... More