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The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept  

Mark Silk

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant theologians ... More

Activist Christians, the Human Rights Movement, and Democratization in Latin America  

Nick Rowell

Print publication date:
Mar 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
This chapter is a critical literature review of recent social science research describing and analyzing the participation of Christian churches in various phases of the human rights ... More

African Initiated Churches as Vehicles of Earth-Care in Africa  

Marthinus L. Daneel

Print publication date:
Nov 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In the post-chimurenga years of independent Zimbabwe, the African Initiated Churches (AICs) heeded the prophetic call to earth-keeping. They joined forces with practitioners of traditional ... More

Arius and Arians  

J. Rebecca Lyman

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Although the teachings of Arius of Alexandria sparked a series of theological debates and church councils in the fourth century concerning the nature and redemptive activity of God, ... More

Asceticism  

Rebecca Krawiec

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article explores an abstract concept, ‘asceticism’. Two obstacles immediately present themselves to an overview of the role of asceticism in shaping early Christian studies: the lack ... More

Catholic Laity in the Latin American Church  

Robert S. Pelton C.S.C.

Print publication date:
Mar 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Before Vatican II, pastoral theology reflected a clear distinction between the ordained and non-ordained members of the Church, but a gradual nuancing of this issue was taking place in ... More

Catholicism, Revolution, and Counter-Revolution in Twentieth-Century Latin America  

Stephen J. C. Andes

Print publication date:
Mar 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Revolution divided Roman Catholics during the twentieth century in Latin America. Although Catholic activists formed ranks on all sides of Latin America’s social conflict, revolutionary ... More

Chaste Bodies, Salacious Thoughts: The Sexual Trials of the Medieval Clergy  

Dyan Elliott

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
At the centre of the clerical vocation was the conundrum of balancing the clergy’s commitment to chastity with the many aspects of their professional training and responsibilities that ... More

Christian Initiation  

Maxwell E. Johnson

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
To study the rites of Christian initiation in the early church is to encounter not one but several liturgical traditions in development. This article seeks to provide an introductory ... More

Church and Empire  

Harold A. Drake

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Persecution contributed to the development of Church and Empire in two fateful ways. First, it made opposition to Rome an important aspect of Christian identity, embedding the heroic role ... More

Clergy and Laity  

Karen Jo Torjesen

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The distinction between clergy and laity in its most elemental form is a way of creating and setting apart an elite. The question about the clergy and the laity becomes a fascinating ... More

The Construction of Gender in the New Testament  

Colleen M. Conway

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This chapter begins with a brief overview of the theorists who have shaped gender analytical work on the New Testament, especially the application of gender theory in classical studies. It ... More

Contemporary Religions in Brazil  

Bettina E. Schmidt

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This essay gives an overview of the religious landscape of Brazil as well as studies about religions in Brazil. Starting with the situation of Christian denominations in Brazil the essay ... More

Conversion Processes and Social Networks in Latin America  

Henri Gooren

Print publication date:
Mar 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Different varieties of Pentecostalism are successful in Latin America, where Chile, Brazil, and the Central American countries are now 20 to 30 percent Protestant. This chapter analyzes ... More

The Course of Catholic History in Latin America  

Fernando Cervantes

Print publication date:
Mar 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The chapter presents a general narrative of 500 years of Christian history in Latin America, placing particular emphasis on the most controversial developments and debates. Among them are ... More

Creeds, Councils, and Canons  

Everett Ferguson

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Creeds, councils, and canons are interrelated topics. Disputes over beliefs and practices prompted the meeting of church councils, which defined acceptable statements of belief (creeds) and ... More

Dietary Law  

David M. Freidenreich

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This survey of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic dietary law finds no recognition within pre-modern sources of the biblical or familial affinities implied by the contemporary term Abrahamic. ... More

The Earth as Sacrament: Insights from Orthodox Christian Theology and Spirituality  

John Chryssavgis

Print publication date:
Nov 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
If there is one image that presents itself as unique and fundamental in contemporary religious experience, it is that of the earth as sacrament. This is a central feature of the sacramental ... More

Economics  

John Lunn

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Christians living in modern industrial or post-industrial societies live differently from almost all Christians over the previous millennia. Most Christians participate in the capitalistic, ... More

Eschatology and Politics  

Stephen H. Webb

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
No theologian has done more to show the political significance of eschatology than Jürgen Moltmann. For Moltmann, the subject matter of all theology should be focused on hope, and ... More

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