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Abortion and Public Health Ethics  

Mahmoud F. Fathalla

Published in print:
Sep 2019
Published Online:
Feb 2019
There is an ethical imperative to take public health action to eliminate the global problem of unsafe abortion. The moral obligation is dictated by the magnitude of the problem, the health ... More

Absolutism  

Mark Goldie

Published in print:
May 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2011
Absolutism is a nineteenth-century term designed precisely to address the mismatch between doctrine and power. The intellectual resources of absolutism were far older than the Renaissance ... More

Access to Pregnancy-Related Services: Public Health Ethics Issues  

Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Elana Jaffe, and Margaret Olivia Little

Published in print:
Sep 2019
Published Online:
Feb 2019
Advancing fair access to evidence-based pregnancy-related services is a critical public health priority. It is widely recognized that there are inequalities in lifesaving interventions. ... More

Adam Smith’s Libertarian Paternalism  

James R. Otteson

Published in print:
Apr 2018
Published Online:
Aug 2016
Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein argue for “libertarian paternalism,” defined as the strategy to devise policy that will “maintain or increase freedom of choice” and at the same time ... More

Aesthetic Value, Nature, and Environment  

Emily Brady

Published in print:
Jan 2017
Published Online:
Jan 2016
This chapter discusses key issues and questions about aesthetic experience and valuing of natural objects, processes, and phenomena. It begins by exploring the character of environmental, ... More

Affirmative Action for the Future  

James P. Sterba

Published in print:
Feb 2017
Published Online:
Jan 2017
Diversity instead of race-based affirmative action developed in the United States from the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke decision in 1978 to the present. There have been ... More

Aging Populations and Public Health Ethics  

Lois Shepherd

Published in print:
Sep 2019
Published Online:
Jan 2019
This chapter examines three primary public health goals relating to elderly populations: promoting healthy aging (including aging in place), reducing health inequities, and extending life ... More

Alcohol and Other Drugs: Public Health Ethics Issues  

Brendan Saloner

Published in print:
Sep 2019
Published Online:
Feb 2019
This chapter examines ethical principles that guide public health intervention to reduce the harms of alcohol and other drugs, including justice-based concerns regarding intervention. ... More

Anarchism  

Marshall Shatz

Published in print:
May 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2011
Anarchism rejects the state as an inherently despotic institution that must be abolished in order for human nature to flower. This does not mean the absence of social order, however, for ... More

Animal Rights and Political Theory  

Julian Franklin

Published in print:
May 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2011
In the ancient world, the idea that killing animals for food is wrong arose mainly from belief in a deep continuity between the animal and human psyche. The underlying thought is that the ... More

The Anthropocene!: Beyond the Natural?  

Holmes Rolston III

Published in print:
Jan 2017
Published Online:
Jan 2016
We are now entering the Anthropocene Epoch—so runs a recent enthusiastic claim. Humans can and ought go beyond the natural and powerfully engineer a better planet, managing for climate ... More

Anthropogenic Mass Extinction: The Science, the Ethics, and the Civics  

Jeremy Bendik-Keymer and Chris Haufe

Published in print:
Jan 2017
Published Online:
Feb 2016
We explore the science of mass extinction, link it to industrial civilization, use the concept of the banality of evil to explain the ethical situation, and then explain the various ways ... More

Arabic Contributions to Medieval Political Theory  

Charles E. Butterworth

Published in print:
May 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2011
This article explores political philosophy within the medieval Arabic-Islamic tradition of the Middle East, focusing on the contributions of a few thinkers including Alfarabi, Avicenna, ... More

Aristotelian Freedom  

David Keyt

Published in print:
Apr 2018
Published Online:
Jul 2016
According to Aristotle, the “democratic” freedom treasured by the exponents of ancient Greek democracy has two marks, one personal and one political: (i) to live as one wishes and (ii) to ... More

Aristotle on the Love of Friends  

Neera K. Badhwar and Russell E. Jones

On Aristotle’s account of philia in the Nicomachean Ethics, friends who love each other because of their virtue rather than their incidental properties are most fully friends, because they ... More

Aristotle's Politics  

Pierre Pellegrin

Published in print:
Aug 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Is there something like an Aristotelian political thought or philosophy? Apparently so: we have a special treatise by Aristotle that takes as its object the consideration of the city ... More

Art and Education  

Catherine Z. Elgin

Published in print:
Oct 2009
Published Online:
Jan 2010
This article discusses the character of art and the centrality of art education to the curriculum. It argues against the claim that art is impervious to education. It explains that though ... More

Art and Politics  

Lydia Goehr

Published in print:
Jan 2005
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on one issue in the wide-ranging, contemporary debates on the relation between art and politics, namely, philosophy's role in these debates and the contribution it ... More

Authority  

A. John Simmons

Published in print:
Jun 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article analyzes the concept of authority. It discusses Hobbes's and Locke's theories of practical authority. It briefly compares consent- and nonconsent-based accounts of political ... More

Beholding Nietzsche: , Fate, and Freedom  

Christa Davis Acampora

Ecce Homo offers Nietzsche’s own interpretation of himself, his thoughts, and his works. This article analyzes how the text bears on his ideas about agency, fate, and freedom. ... More

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