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Acquiring Wisdom: Teaching Texts and the Lore of the People  

Daniel Anlezark

Print publication date:
Apr 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the acquisition of wisdom through literary text in medieval England. The most famous collections of wisdom in the Middle Ages were found in two Old Testament books ... More

Active and Contemplative Lives  

Jennifer Summit

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This article examines the debate over the vita activa versus the vita contemplativa in England across the late medieval and early modern periods. After considering the inversion of the ... More

The Adventures Passed by Master George Gascoigne: Experiments in Prose  

Gillian Austen

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This article examines George Gascoigne's prose writing. Gascoigne's modern reputation rests principally upon four works: the prose fiction A Discourse of the Adventures passed by Master ... More

Ælfric of Eynsham  

Andrew Scheil

Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This article introduces and surveys the life and writings of the Anglo-Saxon monk, Ælfric of Eynsham (c.955–c.1010). It provides a summary of the main scholarly work that has been done on ... More

All Talk and No Action? Early Modern Political Dialogue  

Cathy Shrank

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This article examines sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century dialogue. It considers why so many writers chose to convey opinions or explore ideas in works laid out as conversations. The ... More

Anachronism  

Margreta De Grazia

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
To an age enjoined to “Always Historicize,” anachronism is an embarrassment. It is not merely getting a date wrong, a chronological error. It is mistaking some aspect of a period’s ... More

Ancient Greek Elegy  

Gregory Nagy

Print publication date:
Apr 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article fully considers the tradition and function of ancient Greek elegy. It is shown that the elegy uses its own peculiar hexameters existing in a codependent relationship with the ... More

Anglo-Saxonism and the Victorian Novel  

Joanne Parker

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter argues for the interest and importance of Anglo-Saxonist novels when analysing questions of identity in Victorian Britain. Focusing on the nineteenth century’s two longest ... More

Anti-Judaism/Anti-Semitism and the Structures of Chaucerian Thought  

Steven F. Kruger

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Sep 2020
This chapter considers the significance of medieval Christian anti-Judaism and anti-Semitism for Chaucer’s work, both for poems like the Prioress’s Tale that explicitly foreground Jews and ... More

Anti‐Social Reform: Writing Rebellion  

Stephen Kelly

Print publication date:
Apr 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines writing about rebellion and anti-social reform in medieval England. It discusses examples where carnivalesque inversion of social hierarchy reveals political ... More

‘Anticlericalism’, Inter-Clerical Polemic and Theological Vernaculars  

Kathryn Kerby-Fulton, Melissa Mayus, and Katie Ann-Marie Bugyis

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Sep 2020
This chapter examines Chaucer’s use of ‘anticlericalism’ and ‘vernacular theology’ in the Canterbury Tales, arguing that he uses neither in a straightforward way. While many examples of ... More

Astrology, Magic, and Witchcraft  

P. G. Maxwell-Stuart

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
The Elizabethans and Jacobeans along with all their European contemporaries lived simultaneously in the physical world and a spiritual realm inhabited by spirits, angels, demons, and the ... More

At Home and in the ‘Countour-Hous’: Chaucer’s Polyglot Dwellings  

Jonathan Hsy

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Sep 2020
This chapter juxtaposes The House of Fame and the Shipman’s Tale to explore two London locations closely associated with Chaucer’s life: his residence above Aldgate, and the customs house ... More

Aurality  

Joyce Coleman

Print publication date:
Apr 2007
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Orality—understood as the oral delivery of texts—is often assumed to have given way to literacy—the private reading of texts—over the course of the medieval period. The two entities are ... More

Authorial Work  

Kellie Robertson

Print publication date:
Apr 2007
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Michel Foucault declared that authors became subject to punishment and discourse became transgressive. In the late fourteenth century, both “discourse” and the very act of writing itself ... More

Authority  

Emily Steiner

Print publication date:
Apr 2007
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Authority can refer to a person, a quality that one possesses, a governing institution a text containing crucial information or founding principles, or a exemplary event. In other words, ... More

Authority, Constraint, and the Writing of the Medieval Self  

Kathryn Kerby-Fulton

Print publication date:
Apr 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the genres and the constraint in writing about the self in England during the medieval period. It explains that autobiography is a rare species in the Middle Ages and ... More

Authorizing Female Piety  

Diane Watt

Print publication date:
Apr 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article offers a broad overview of English women's authority and piety from the Anglo-Saxon period to the fifteenth century that looks at accounts of women's visions either written ... More

Autobiography and the History of Reading  

Brian Cummings

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Autobiography as a concept asks deep questions about the periodization of history. It is also a scene of persistent rivalry in the construction of medieval and Renaissance models of ... More

The Ballad Revival and the Rise of Literary History  

David Matthews

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter describes the rediscovery and reinvention of the ballad in the 1760s and 1770s, tracing the later impact of the resultant conception of the Middle Ages on nineteenth-century ... More

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